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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P78363: Variant p.Thr1537Met

Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Gene: ABCA4
Variant information

Variant position:  1537
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Threonine (T) to Methionine (M) at position 1537 (T1537M, p.Thr1537Met).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (T) to medium size and hydrophobic (M)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In STGD1; moderately decreased protein abundance; moderately decreased ATPase activity; moderately decreased phospholipid translocase activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  1537
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2273
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   RSTEILQDLTDRNISDFLVK  T YPALIRSSLKSKFWVNEQRY
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         RSTEILQDLTDRNISDFLVKTYPALIRSSLKSKFWVNEQRY

Mouse                         RSTEVLQDLTNRNISDYLVKTYPALIRSSLKSKFWVNEQRY

Bovine                        RSTEILQDLTDRNVSDFLVKTYPALIRSSLKSKFWVNEQRY

Slime mold                    -----------DELHDYLIHHY-------------------

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2273 Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Topological domain 1398 – 1727 Extracellular
Glycosylation 1529 – 1529 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Helix 1530 – 1545


Literature citations

Differential phospholipid substrates and directional transport by ATP-binding cassette proteins ABCA1, ABCA7, and ABCA4 and disease-causing mutants.
Quazi F.; Molday R.S.;
J. Biol. Chem. 288:34414-34426(2013)
Cited for: CATALYTIC ACTIVITY; ACTIVITY REGULATION; FUNCTION; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; VARIANTS STGD1 PRO-100; ILE-608; ILE-959; SER-965 AND MET-1537; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS STGD1 PRO-100; ILE-608; ILE-959; SER-965 AND MET-1537; MUTAGENESIS OF CYS-1502; ARG-2107 AND PRO-2180;

A comprehensive survey of sequence variation in the ABCA4 (ABCR) gene in Stargardt disease and age-related macular degeneration.
Rivera A.; White K.; Stoehr H.; Steiner K.; Hemmrich N.; Grimm T.; Jurklies B.; Lorenz B.; Scholl H.P.N.; Apfelstedt-Sylla E.; Weber B.H.F.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67:800-813(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 GLU-60; THR-60; GLU-65; LEU-68; ARG-72; CYS-212; SER-230; SER-247; VAL-328; LYS-471; PRO-541; GLN-572; ARG-607; LYS-635; CYS-653; TYR-764; ARG-765; ALA-901; ILE-959; LYS-1036; VAL-1038; PRO-1063; ASP-1087; CYS-1097; CYS-1108; LEU-1380; LYS-1399; PRO-1430; VAL-1440; HIS-1443; LEU-1486; TYR-1488; MET-1537; PRO-1689; LEU-1705; THR-1733; ARG-1748; PRO-1763; LYS-1885; HIS-1898; GLU-1961; ARG-1975; SER-1977; GLY-2077; TRP-2077 AND VAL-2241; VARIANTS GLN-152; HIS-212; ARG-423; ILE-552; ARG-914; GLN-943; THR-1562; ILE-1868; MET-1921; LEU-1948; PHE-1970; ALA-2059; ASN-2177 AND VAL-2216;

An augmented ABCA4 screen targeting noncoding regions reveals a deep intronic founder variant in Belgian Stargardt patients.
Bauwens M.; De Zaeytijd J.; Weisschuh N.; Kohl S.; Meire F.; Dahan K.; Depasse F.; De Jaegere S.; De Ravel T.; De Rademaeker M.; Loeys B.; Coppieters F.; Leroy B.P.; De Baere E.;
Hum. Mutat. 36:39-42(2015)
Cited for: VARIANTS CORD3 CYS-440; GLY-643; HIS-1145; GLU-1203; LEU-2050 AND ASN-2177; VARIANTS STGD1 HIS-24; GLU-65; SER-247; 431-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; PRO-541; ARG-607; HIS-653; ALA-863; 1029-GLN--ASP-2273 DEL; VAL-1038; GLN-1300; MET-1537; TRP-1640; PRO-1763; HIS-1898; GLU-1961; PHE-1970; PHE-2027; GLN-2030 AND ARG-2033; VARIANTS RP19 MET-455 AND ILE-552; VARIANTS 681-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL; ASP-767 AND ARG-1591; VARIANT CORD3 GLU-1961;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.