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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P49917: Variant p.Arg278His

DNA ligase 4
Gene: LIG4
Variant information

Variant position:  278
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Histidine (H) at position 278 (R278H, p.Arg278His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  LIG4 syndrome (LIG4S) [MIM:606593]: Characterized by immunodeficiency and developmental and growth delay. Patients display unusual facial features, microcephaly, growth and/or developmental delay, pancytopenia, and various skin abnormalities. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11779494}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In LIG4S and leukemia; impairs activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  278
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  911
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.







Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 911 DNA ligase 4
Active site 273 – 273 N6-AMP-lysine intermediate
Binding site 271 – 271 ATP
Binding site 278 – 278 ATP
Binding site 293 – 293 ATP
Beta strand 276 – 284

Literature citations

Identification of a defect in DNA ligase IV in a radiosensitive leukaemia patient.
Riballo E.; Critchlow S.E.; Teo S.-H.; Doherty A.J.; Priestley A.; Broughton B.C.; Kysela B.; Beamish H.; Plowman N.; Arlett C.F.; Lehmann A.R.; Jackson S.P.; Jeggo P.A.;
Curr. Biol. 9:699-702(1999)

Cellular and biochemical impact of a mutation in DNA ligase IV conferring clinical radiosensitivity.
Riballo E.; Doherty A.J.; Dai Y.; Stiff T.; Oettinger M.A.; Jeggo P.A.; Kysela B.;
J. Biol. Chem. 276:31124-31132(2001)

DNA ligase IV mutations identified in patients exhibiting developmental delay and immunodeficiency.
O'Driscoll M.; Cerosaletti K.M.; Girard P.-M.; Dai Y.; Stumm M.; Kysela B.; Hirsch B.; Gennery A.; Palmer S.E.; Seidel J.; Gatti R.A.; Varon R.; Oettinger M.A.; Neitzel H.; Jeggo P.A.; Concannon P.;
Mol. Cell 8:1175-1185(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS LIG4S HIS-278 AND GLU-469;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.