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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P17927: Variant p.Arg1601Gly

Complement receptor type 1
Gene: CR1
Variant information

Variant position:  1601
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LB/B
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Glycine (G) at position 1601 (R1601G, p.Arg1601Gly).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to glycine (G)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Polymorphism:  CR1 contains a system of antigens called the Knops blood group system. Polymorphisms within this system are involved in malarial rosetting, a process associated with cerebral malaria, the major cause of mortality in Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Common Knops system antigens include McCoy (McC) and Sl(a)/Vil (Kn4, or Swain-Langley; Vil or Villien). Sl(a-) phenotype is more common in persons of African descent and may protect against fatal malaria.Other polymorphic forms of CR1 contain 23, 37 or 44 Sushi (CCP/SCR) domains instead of the 30 Sushi (CCP/SCR) domains. The most frequent alleles are the F allotype (shown here) and the S allotype (37 repeat Sushi domains). The gene frequencies of the F allotype and S allotype are 0.87 and 0.11 in Caucasians, 0.82 and 0.11 in African Americans, 0.89 and 0.11 in Mexicans. - Genetic variations in CR1 resulting in CR1 deficiency are involved in protection against severe malaria [MIM:611162]. Parasitized red blood cells (RBCs) from children suffering from severe malaria often adhere to complement receptor 1 (CR1) on uninfected RBCs to form clumps of cells known as rosettes. CR1-deficient red blood cells show greatly reduced rosetting and CR1 deficiency occurs in healthy individuals from malaria-endemic regions. -
Additional information on the polymorphism described.

Variant description:  In Sl(2)/Vil antigen and Sl(3) antigen.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  1601
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2039
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   PPPRCISTNKCTAPEVENAI  R VPGNRSFFSLTEIIRFRCQP
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 42 – 2039 Complement receptor type 1
Topological domain 42 – 1971 Extracellular
Domain 1589 – 1648 Sushi 25
Glycosylation 1605 – 1605 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Disulfide bond 1591 – 1633


Literature citations

Molecular identification of Knops blood group polymorphisms found in long homologous region D of complement receptor 1.
Moulds J.M.; Zimmerman P.A.; Doumbo O.K.; Kassambara L.; Sagara I.; Diallo D.A.; Atkinson J.P.; Krych-Goldberg M.; Hauhart R.E.; Hourcade D.E.; McNamara D.T.; Birmingham D.J.; Rowe J.A.; Moulds J.J.; Miller L.H.;
Blood 97:2879-2885(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS ARG-1208; GLU-1590; GLY-1601; THR-1610; VAL-1615; ARG-1827 AND ASP-1850;

Expansion of the Knops blood group system and subdivision of Sl(a).
Moulds J.M.; Zimmerman P.A.; Doumbo O.K.; Diallo D.A.; Atkinson J.P.; Krych-Goldberg M.; Hourcade D.E.; Moulds J.J.;
Transfusion 42:251-256(2002)
Cited for: VARIANTS SL(2)/VIL GLY-1601 AND SL(3) THR-1610;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.