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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P05186: Variant p.Glu291Lys

Alkaline phosphatase, tissue-nonspecific isozyme
Gene: ALPL
Variant information

Variant position:  291
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glutamate (E) to Lysine (K) at position 291 (E291K, p.Glu291Lys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and acidic (E) to large size and basic (K)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In HOPS; moderate; 8% of activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  291
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  524
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.







Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 18 – 501 Alkaline phosphatase, tissue-nonspecific isozyme
Glycosylation 271 – 271 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Glycosylation 303 – 303 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine

Literature citations

Identification of fifteen novel mutations in the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) gene in European patients with severe hypophosphatasia.
Mornet E.; Taillandier A.; Peyramaure S.; Kaper F.; Muller F.; Brenner R.; Bussiere P.; Freisinger P.; Godard J.; Le Merrer M.; Oury J.F.; Plauchu H.; Puddu R.; Rival J.M.; Superti-Furga A.; Touraine R.L.; Serre J.L.; Simon-Bouy B.;
Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 6:308-314(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS HOPS PHE-17; VAL-40; SER-75; ARG-120; ARG-129; ASP-170; TRP-184; LYS-191; TRP-223; LYS-291; ASP-334; PRO-445; CYS-450; SER-473 AND ARG-491; VARIANT HIS-263;

Correlations of genotype and phenotype in hypophosphatasia.
Zurutuza L.; Muller F.; Gibrat J.F.; Taillandier A.; Simon-Bouy B.; Serre J.L.; Mornet E.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 8:1039-1046(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS HOPS VAL-40; LEU-62; SER-75; THR-111; ARG-120; ARG-129; HIS-136; VAL-162; ASP-170; TYR-171; TRP-184; LYS-191; TRP-223; VAL-249; LYS-291; VAL-306; ASP-334; CYS-391; PRO-445; CYS-450; SER-473; LYS-476 AND ARG-491; 3D-STRUCTURE MODELING; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS;

Glu274Lys/Gly309Arg mutation of the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase gene in neonatal hypophosphatasia associated with convulsions.
Litmanovitz I.; Reish O.; Dolfin T.; Arnon S.; Regev R.; Grinshpan G.; Yamazaki M.; Ozono K.;
J. Inherit. Metab. Dis. 25:35-40(2002)
Cited for: VARIANTS HOPS LYS-291 AND ARG-326;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.