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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P19544: Variant p.Phe392Leu

Wilms tumor protein
Gene: WT1
Variant information

Variant position:  392
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Phenylalanine (F) to Leucine (L) at position 392 (F392L, p.Phe392Leu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (F) to medium size and hydrophobic (L)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Frasier syndrome (FS) [MIM:136680]: Characterized by a slowly progressing nephropathy leading to renal failure in adolescence or early adulthood, male pseudohermaphroditism, and no Wilms tumor. As for histological findings of the kidneys, focal glomerular sclerosis is often observed. There is phenotypic overlap with Denys-Drash syndrome. Inheritance is autosomal dominant. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10571943}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In FS.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  392
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  449
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   RHQRRHTGVKPFQCKTCQRK  F SRSDHLKTHTRTHTGKTSEK
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         RHQRRHTGVKPFQCKTCQRKFSRSDHLKTHTRTHTGKTSEK

Mouse                         RHQRRHTGVKPFQCKTCQRKFSRSDHLKTHTRTHTGKTSEK

Rat                           RHQRRHTGVKPFQCKTCQRKFSRSDHLKTHTRTHTGKTSEK

Pig                           RHQRRHTGVKPFQCKTCQRKFSRSDHLKTHTRTHTGKTSEK

Xenopus tropicalis            RHQRRHTGIKPFQCKTCQRKFSRSDHLKTHTRTHTG---EK

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 449 Wilms tumor protein
Zinc finger 383 – 405 C2H2-type 3
Mutagenesis 372 – 372 R -> A. Strongly reduced binding of DNA and RNA.
Mutagenesis 394 – 394 R -> AS. Strongly reduced binding of DNA and RNA.
Beta strand 391 – 393


Literature citations

Exon 9 mutations in the WT1 gene, without influencing KTS splice isoforms, are also responsible for Frasier syndrome.
Kohsaka T.; Tagawa M.; Takekoshi Y.; Yanagisawa H.; Tadokoro K.; Yamada M.;
Hum. Mutat. 14:466-470(1999)
Cited for: VARIANT FS LEU-392;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.