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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P17405: Variant p.Tyr539His

Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase
Gene: SMPD1
Variant information

Variant position:  539
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Tyrosine (Y) to Histidine (H) at position 539 (Y539H, p.Tyr539His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (Y) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Niemann-Pick disease A (NPDA) [MIM:257200]: An early-onset lysosomal storage disorder caused by failure to hydrolyze sphingomyelin to ceramide. It results in the accumulation of sphingomyelin and other metabolically related lipids in reticuloendothelial and other cell types throughout the body, leading to cell death. Niemann-Pick disease type A is a primarily neurodegenerative disorder characterized by onset within the first year of life, mental retardation, digestive disorders, failure to thrive, major hepatosplenomegaly, and severe neurologic symptoms. The severe neurological disorders and pulmonary infections lead to an early death, often around the age of four. Clinical features are variable. A phenotypic continuum exists between type A (basic neurovisceral) and type B (purely visceral) forms of Niemann-Pick disease, and the intermediate types encompass a cluster of variants combining clinical features of both types A and B. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12556236, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1391960, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15221801, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15877209, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1618760, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1718266, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18815062, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19405096, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2023926, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20386867, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22818240, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23252888, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23430884, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26499107, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27338287, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8680412, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8693491, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9266408}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In NPDA.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  539
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  631
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   YILNLTQANIPGAIPHWQLL  Y RARETYGLPNTLPTAWHNLV
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         YILNLTQANIPGAIPHWQLLYRARETYGLPNTLPTAWHNLV

Mouse                         YILNLTQANAAGGTPSWKRLYRARETYGLPDAMPASWHNLV

Bovine                        YIMNLTEANEPGATPHWYLLYRARETYGLPNALPTAWHDLV

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 47 – 631 Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase
Glycosylation 522 – 522 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Beta strand 536 – 540


Literature citations

Seven novel Acid sphingomyelinase gene mutations in Niemann-Pick type A and B patients.
Sikora J.; Pavluu-Pereira H.; Elleder M.; Roelofs H.; Wevers R.A.;
Ann. Hum. Genet. 67:63-70(2003)
Cited for: VARIANTS NPDA ARG-250; TYR-321; SER-465; LEU-477 AND HIS-539; VARIANTS NPDB SER-373 AND ARG-610 DEL;

Acid sphingomyelinase (Asm) deficiency patients in The Netherlands and Belgium: disease spectrum and natural course in attenuated patients.
Hollak C.E.; de Sonnaville E.S.; Cassiman D.; Linthorst G.E.; Groener J.E.; Morava E.; Wevers R.A.; Mannens M.; Aerts J.M.; Meersseman W.; Akkerman E.; Niezen-Koning K.E.; Mulder M.F.; Visser G.; Wijburg F.A.; Lefeber D.; Poorthuis B.J.;
Mol. Genet. Metab. 107:526-533(2012)
Cited for: VARIANTS NPDB HIS-91; PRO-105; PRO-163; CYS-230; SER-373; PRO-551 AND ARG-610 DEL; VARIANTS NPDA ARG-250; SER-465; LEU-477 AND HIS-539;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.