Home  |  Contact

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P04150: Variant p.Phe29Leu

Glucocorticoid receptor
Gene: NR3C1
Variant information

Variant position:  29
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Polymorphism
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Phenylalanine (F) to Leucine (L) at position 29 (F29L, p.Phe29Leu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (F) to medium size and hydrophobic (L)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Polymorphism:  Carriers of the 22-Glu-Lys-23 allele are relatively more resistant to the effects of GCs with respect to the sensitivity of the adrenal feedback mechanism than non-carriers, resulting in a better metabolic health profile. Carriers have a better survival than non-carriers, as well as lower serum CRP levels. The 22-Glu-Lys-23 polymorphism is associated with a sex-specific, beneficial body composition at young-adult age, as well as greater muscle strength in males.
Additional information on the polymorphism described.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  29
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  777
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   PGREENPSSVLAQERGDVMD  F YKTLRGGATVKVSASSPSLA
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         P--GREENPSSVL-AQERGDVMDFYKTLRGGATVKVSASSPSLA

Mouse                         P-PGRDEVPSSLL-GRGRGSVMDLYKTLRGGATVKVSASSP

Rat                           P-PGRDEVPGSLL-GQGRGSVMDFYKSLRGGATVKVSASSP

Pig                           P-PSREEIPSSVL-GRERAHVMDFYKSLRGGTPVKVSAASP

Rabbit                        P-PGREEVPSSVLRPAERGNVMDLYKTLRGGAPVRVPASSP

Xenopus laevis                PSSGSPAVRGSPHYNDKPGNVIEFFGNYRGGVSVSVSASCP

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 777 Glucocorticoid receptor
Region 1 – 420 Modulating
Modified residue 23 – 23 Omega-N-methylarginine
Modified residue 45 – 45 Phosphoserine
Alternative sequence 1 – 335 Missing. In isoform Alpha-D3.
Alternative sequence 1 – 330 Missing. In isoform Alpha-D2.
Alternative sequence 1 – 315 Missing. In isoform Alpha-D1.
Alternative sequence 1 – 97 Missing. In isoform Alpha-C3.
Alternative sequence 1 – 89 Missing. In isoform Alpha-C2.
Alternative sequence 1 – 85 Missing. In isoform Alpha-C1.
Mutagenesis 27 – 27 M -> T. Abolishes expression of B-type isoforms.


Literature citations

Five missense variants in the amino-terminal domain of the glucocorticoid receptor: no association with puerperal psychosis or schizophrenia.
Feng J.; Zheng J.; Bennett W.P.; Heston L.L.; Jones I.R.; Craddock N.; Sommer S.S.;
Am. J. Med. Genet. 96:412-417(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS LYS-23; LEU-29; PHE-112; ASN-233 AND SER-363;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.