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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P01116: Variant p.Gly13Asp

GTPase KRas
Gene: KRAS
Variant information

Variant position:  13
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Aspartate (D) at position 13 (G13D, p.Gly13Asp).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to medium size and acidic (D)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic (JMML) [MIM:607785]: An aggressive pediatric myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by malignant transformation in the hematopoietic stem cell compartment with proliferation of differentiated progeny. Patients have splenomegaly, enlarged lymph nodes, rashes, and hemorrhages. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17332249}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Involvement in disease:  Gastric cancer (GASC) [MIM:613659]: A malignant disease which starts in the stomach, can spread to the esophagus or the small intestine, and can extend through the stomach wall to nearby lymph nodes and organs. It also can metastasize to other parts of the body. The term gastric cancer or gastric carcinoma refers to adenocarcinoma of the stomach that accounts for most of all gastric malignant tumors. Two main histologic types are recognized, diffuse type and intestinal type carcinomas. Diffuse tumors are poorly differentiated infiltrating lesions, resulting in thickening of the stomach. In contrast, intestinal tumors are usually exophytic, often ulcerating, and associated with intestinal metaplasia of the stomach, most often observed in sporadic disease. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:14534542, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3034404, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7773929}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Involvement in disease:  Oculoectodermal syndrome (OES) [MIM:600268]: A syndrome characterized by the association of epibulbar dermoids and aplasia cutis congenita. Affected individuals show multiple, asymmetric, atrophic, non-scarring and hairless regions that may be associated with hamartomas. Ectodermal changes include linear hyperpigmentation that may follow the lines of Blaschko and rarely epidermal nevus-like lesions. Epibulbar dermoids may be uni-or bilateral. Additional ocular anomalies such as skin tags of the upper eyelid, rarely optic nerve or retinal changes, and microphthalmia can be present. The phenotypic expression is highly variable, and various other abnormalities have occasionally been reported including growth failure, lymphedema, cardiovascular defects, as well as neurodevelopmental symptoms like developmental delay, epilepsy, learning difficulties, and behavioral abnormalities. Benign tumor-like lesions such as nonossifying fibromas of the long bones and giant cell granulomas of the jaws have repeatedly been observed and appear to be age-dependent, becoming a common manifestation in individuals aged 5 years or older. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:25808193, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26970110, ECO:0000269|PubMed:30891959}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In GASC, JMML and OES; also found in a breast carcinoma cell line; somatic mutation.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  13
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  189
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   MTEYKLVVVGAG  G VGKSALTIQLIQNHFVDEYD
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         MTEYKLVVVGAGGVGKSALTIQLIQNHFVDEYD

Mouse                         MTEYKLVVVGAGGVGKSALTIQLIQNHFVDEYD

Rat                           MTEYKLVVVGAGGVGKSALTIQLIQNHFVDEYD

Xenopus laevis                MTEYKLVVVGAVGVGKSALTIQLIQNHFVDEYD

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 186 GTPase KRas
Initiator methionine 1 – 1 Removed; alternate
Chain 2 – 186 GTPase KRas, N-terminally processed
Nucleotide binding 10 – 18 GTP
Modified residue 1 – 1 N-acetylmethionine; in GTPase KRas; alternate
Modified residue 2 – 2 N-acetylthreonine; in GTPase KRas, N-terminally processed
Beta strand 12 – 14


Literature citations

The human c-Kirsten ras gene is activated by a novel mutation in codon 13 in the breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB231.
Kozma S.C.; Bogaard M.E.; Buser K.; Saurer S.M.; Bos J.L.; Groner B.; Hynes N.E.;
Nucleic Acids Res. 15:5963-5971(1987)
Cited for: VARIANT BREAST CANCER ASP-13;

BRAF and KRAS mutations in stomach cancer.
Lee S.H.; Lee J.W.; Soung Y.H.; Kim H.S.; Park W.S.; Kim S.Y.; Lee J.H.; Park J.Y.; Cho Y.G.; Kim C.J.; Nam S.W.; Kim S.H.; Lee J.Y.; Yoo N.J.;
Oncogene 22:6942-6945(2003)
Cited for: VARIANTS GASC ASN-5; VAL-12; ASP-13 AND THR-59;

The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers.
Sjoeblom T.; Jones S.; Wood L.D.; Parsons D.W.; Lin J.; Barber T.D.; Mandelker D.; Leary R.J.; Ptak J.; Silliman N.; Szabo S.; Buckhaults P.; Farrell C.; Meeh P.; Markowitz S.D.; Willis J.; Dawson D.; Willson J.K.V.; Gazdar A.F.; Hartigan J.; Wu L.; Liu C.; Parmigiani G.; Park B.H.; Bachman K.E.; Papadopoulos N.; Vogelstein B.; Kinzler K.W.; Velculescu V.E.;
Science 314:268-274(2006)
Cited for: VARIANTS [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] ALA-12; ASP-12; SER-12; VAL-12; ASP-13; ARG-61; ASN-117 AND THR-146;

Spontaneous improvement of hematologic abnormalities in patients having juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia with specific RAS mutations.
Matsuda K.; Shimada A.; Yoshida N.; Ogawa A.; Watanabe A.; Yajima S.; Iizuka S.; Koike K.; Yanai F.; Kawasaki K.; Yanagimachi M.; Kikuchi A.; Ohtsuka Y.; Hidaka E.; Yamauchi K.; Tanaka M.; Yanagisawa R.; Nakazawa Y.; Shiohara M.; Manabe A.; Kojima S.; Koike K.;
Blood 109:5477-5480(2007)
Cited for: VARIANTS JMML ASP-12; SER-12 AND ASP-13;

Oculoectodermal syndrome is a mosaic RASopathy associated with KRAS alterations.
Peacock J.D.; Dykema K.J.; Toriello H.V.; Mooney M.R.; Scholten D.J. II; Winn M.E.; Borgman A.; Duesbery N.S.; Hiemenga J.A.; Liu C.; Campbell S.; Nickoloff B.P.; Williams B.O.; Steensma M.;
Am. J. Med. Genet. A 167:1429-1435(2015)
Cited for: VARIANTS OES ASP-13 AND PHE-19; INVOLVEMENT IN OES;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.