UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9UIF7: Variant p.Tyr176Cys

Adenine DNA glycosylase
Gene: MUTYH
Chromosomal location: 1p32.1-p34.3
Variant information

Variant position:  176
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Tyrosine (Y) to Cysteine (C) at position 176 (Y176C, p.Tyr176Cys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (Y) to medium size and polar (C)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Familial adenomatous polyposis 2 (FAP2) [MIM:608456]: A condition characterized by the development of multiple colorectal adenomatous polyps, benign neoplasms derived from glandular epithelium. Some affected individuals may develop colorectal carcinoma. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11818965, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12606733, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12853198, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15366000, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16134147, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16287072, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16557584, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16941501, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18091433, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18515411, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19953527, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20418187, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20848659, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25820570, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26694661}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In FAP2; loss of DNA glycosylase activity; decreased DNA binding; loss of function in DNA repair.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  176
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  546
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   LQDLASASLEEVNQLWAGLG  Y YSRGRRLQEGARKVVEELGG
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         LQDLASASLEEVNQLWAGLGYYSRGRRLQEGARKVVEELGG

Mouse                         LQDLASASLEEVNQLWSGLGYYSRGRRLQEGARKVVEELGG

Rat                           LQDLASASLEEVNQLWSGLGYYSRGRRLQEGARKVVEELGG

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 546 Adenine DNA glycosylase


Literature citations

Inherited variants of MYH associated with somatic G:C-->T:A mutations in colorectal tumors.
Al-Tassan N.; Chmiel N.H.; Maynard J.; Fleming N.; Livingston A.L.; Williams G.T.; Hodges A.K.; Davies D.R.; David S.S.; Sampson J.R.; Cheadle J.P.;
Nat. Genet. 30:227-232(2002)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 CYS-176 AND ASP-393;

Autosomal recessive colorectal adenomatous polyposis due to inherited mutations of MYH.
Sampson J.R.; Dolwani S.; Jones S.; Eccles D.; Ellis A.; Evans D.G.; Frayling I.; Jordan S.; Maher E.R.; Mak T.; Maynard J.; Pigatto F.; Shaw J.; Cheadle J.P.;
Lancet 362:39-41(2003)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 ARG-128; CYS-176 AND ASP-393;

Multiple colorectal adenomas, classic adenomatous polyposis, and germ-line mutations in MYH.
Sieber O.M.; Lipton L.; Crabtree M.; Heinimann K.; Fidalgo P.; Phillips R.K.S.; Bisgaard M.-L.; Orntoft T.F.; Aaltonen L.A.; Hodgson S.V.; Thomas H.J.W.; Tomlinson I.P.M.;
N. Engl. J. Med. 348:791-799(2003)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 CYS-176 AND ASP-393; VARIANTS MET-22; HIS-335 AND PHE-512;

Mutations of APC and MYH in unrelated Italian patients with adenomatous polyposis coli.
Aceto G.; Curia M.C.; Veschi S.; De Lellis L.; Mammarella S.; Catalano T.; Stuppia L.; Palka G.; Valanzano R.; Tonelli F.; Casale V.; Stigliano V.; Cetta F.; Battista P.; Mariani-Costantini R.; Cama A.;
Hum. Mutat. 26:394-394(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 CYS-176; HIS-242; TRP-271; PRO-385; ASP-393; CYS-423 AND GLU-477 DEL; VARIANTS MET-22 AND HIS-335;

Low frequency of AXIN2 mutations and high frequency of MUTYH mutations in patients with multiple polyposis.
Lejeune S.; Guillemot F.; Triboulet J.P.; Cattan S.; Mouton C.; Porchet N.; Manouvrier S.; Buisine M.P.;
Hum. Mutat. 27:1064-1064(2006)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 CYS-176; SER-177; VAL-280; LEU-292; PRO-385 AND ASP-393; VARIANTS MET-22; HIS-335 AND PHE-512;

Prevalence of MYH germline mutations in Swiss APC mutation-negative polyposis patients.
Russell A.M.; Zhang J.; Luz J.; Hutter P.; Chappuis P.O.; Berthod C.R.; Maillet P.; Mueller H.; Heinimann K.;
Int. J. Cancer 118:1937-1940(2006)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 ILE-TRP-148 INS; CYS-176; GLN-182; VAL-220; HIS-242 AND ASP-393; VARIANTS MET-22 AND HIS-335;

MUTYH-associated polyposis: 70 of 71 patients with biallelic mutations present with an attenuated or atypical phenotype.
Aretz S.; Uhlhaas S.; Goergens H.; Siberg K.; Vogel M.; Pagenstecher C.; Mangold E.; Caspari R.; Propping P.; Friedl W.;
Int. J. Cancer 119:807-814(2006)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 LEU-154; CYS-176; HIS-179; HIS-242; TRP-271; LEU-292; CYS-306; ASP-393; LEU-402; CYS-423; GLU-477 DEL AND PHE-490;

Heterogeneous molecular mechanisms underlie attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis.
Cattaneo F.; Molatore S.; Mihalatos M.; Apessos A.; Venesio T.; Bione S.; Grignani P.; Nasioulas G.; Ranzani G.N.;
Genet. Med. 9:836-841(2007)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 CYS-176; CYS-179; TRP-182 AND ASP-393;

Functional analysis of MUTYH mutated proteins associated with familial adenomatous polyposis.
D'Agostino V.G.; Minoprio A.; Torreri P.; Marinoni I.; Bossa C.; Petrucci T.C.; Albertini A.M.; Ranzani G.N.; Bignami M.; Mazzei F.;
DNA Repair 9:700-707(2010)
Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS FAP2 ILE-TRP-148 INS; CYS-176; TRP-182; ASP-393 AND GLU-477 DEL; FUNCTION; CATALYTIC ACTIVITY;

MUTYH mutations associated with familial adenomatous polyposis: functional characterization by a mammalian cell-based assay.
Molatore S.; Russo M.T.; D'Agostino V.G.; Barone F.; Matsumoto Y.; Albertini A.M.; Minoprio A.; Degan P.; Mazzei F.; Bignami M.; Ranzani G.N.;
Hum. Mutat. 31:159-166(2010)
Cited for: VARIANTS FAP2 ILE-TRP-148 INS; TRP-182 AND GLU-477 DEL; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS FAP2 ILE-TRP-148 INS; CYS-176; TRP-182; ASP-393 AND GLU-477 DEL;

Adenine DNA glycosylase activity of 14 human MutY homolog (MUTYH) variant proteins found in patients with colorectal polyposis and cancer.
Goto M.; Shinmura K.; Nakabeppu Y.; Tao H.; Yamada H.; Tsuneyoshi T.; Sugimura H.;
Hum. Mutat. 31:E1861-E1874(2010)
Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS FAP2 CYS-176; HIS-179; VAL-220; VAL-280; CYS-306; PRO-385; ASP-393; LEU-402 AND GLU-477 DEL; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS GLU-72; VAL-370 AND PHE-512; FUNCTION; MUTAGENESIS OF ASP-233;

Functional complementation assay for 47 MUTYH variants in a MutY-disrupted Escherichia coli strain.
Komine K.; Shimodaira H.; Takao M.; Soeda H.; Zhang X.; Takahashi M.; Ishioka C.;
Hum. Mutat. 36:704-711(2015)
Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS FAP2 LEU-18; HIS-125; ARG-128; LEU-154; CYS-176; CYS-179; HIS-179; GLN-182; GLU-186; VAL-220; TRP-238; HIS-242; TRP-271; GLU-283; LEU-292; CYS-306; THR-377; PRO-385; ASP-393; LEU-402; MET-417; CYS-423; ASP-470; THR-470; GLU-477 DEL; THR-486 AND PHE-490; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS GASC SER-402 AND ARG-411; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS MET-22; ASP-25; ARG-100; ASN-102; VAL-224; MET-231; CYS-242; PHE-243; TRP-287; HIS-335; ARG-335; GLN-434; PRO-434; GLU-500; PHE-512; LEU-513; MET-526 AND GLN-531; FUNCTION; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.