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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P53634: Variant p.Gln312Arg

Dipeptidyl peptidase 1
Gene: CTSC
Chromosomal location: 11q14.1-q14.3
Variant information

Variant position:  312
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glutamine (Q) to Arginine (R) at position 312 (Q312R, p.Gln312Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (Q) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Papillon-Lefevre syndrome (PLS) [MIM:245000]: An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by palmoplantar keratosis and severe periodontitis affecting deciduous and permanent dentitions and resulting in premature tooth loss. The palmoplantar keratotic phenotype vary from mild psoriasiform scaly skin to overt hyperkeratosis. Keratosis also affects other sites such as elbows and knees. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10581027, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10662808, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11106356, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11158173, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11180012, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11180601, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11886537, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12112662, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12809647, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14974080, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15108292, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15991336, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25799584}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In PLS.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  312
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  463
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   SQYAQGCEGGFPYLIAGKYA  Q DFGLVEEACFPYTGTDSPCK
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         SQYAQGCEGGFPYLIAGKYAQDFGLVEEACFPYTGTDSPCK

Mouse                         SPYAQGCDGGFPYLIAGKYAQDFGVVEESCFPYTAKDSPCK

Rat                           SPYAQGCDGGFPYLIAGKYAQDFGVVEENCFPYTATDAPCK

Bovine                        SQYAQGCEGGFPYLIAGKYAQDFGLVEEDCFPYTGTDSPCR

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 231 – 394 Dipeptidyl peptidase 1 heavy chain
Binding site 302 – 302 Chloride
Binding site 304 – 304 Chloride; via amide nitrogen
Disulfide bond 291 – 331
Alternative sequence 138 – 463 Missing. In isoform 2.
Alternative sequence 142 – 463 Missing. In isoform 3.
Helix 309 – 313


Literature citations

The role of cathepsin C in Papillon-Lefevre syndrome, prepubertal periodontitis, and aggressive periodontitis.
Hewitt C.; McCormick D.; Linden G.; Turk D.; Stern I.; Wallace I.; Southern L.; Zhang L.; Howard R.; Bullon P.; Wong M.; Widmer R.; Gaffar K.A.; Awawdeh L.; Briggs J.; Yaghmai R.; Jabs E.W.; Hoeger P.; Bleck O.; Rudiger S.G.; Petersilka G.; Battino M.; Brett P.; Hattab F.; Al-Hamed M.; Sloan P.; Toomes C.; Dixon M.J.; James J.; Read A.P.; Thakker N.S.;
Hum. Mutat. 23:222-228(2004)
Cited for: VARIANTS PLS GLU-129; ARG-139; TYR-236; PHE-249; LEU-252; HIS-272; SER-301; ARG-312; CYS-339; CYS-347 AND GLY-447; VARIANTS AP1 HIS-272 AND CYS-412; VARIANT THR-153;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.