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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O76039: Variant p.Arg175Ser

Cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5
Gene: CDKL5
Chromosomal location: Xp22
Variant information

Variant position:  175
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Serine (S) at position 175 (R175S, p.Arg175Ser).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to small size and polar (S)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 2 (EIEE2) [MIM:300672]: A severe form of epilepsy characterized by seizures or spasms beginning in infancy. Patients with epileptic encephalopathy early infantile type 2 manifest features resembling Rett syndrome such as microcephaly, lack of speech development, stereotypic hand movements. However, EIEE2 and Rett syndrome are considered two distinct entities. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12736870, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15492925, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15499549, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15689447, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15917271, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16015284, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16611748, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16935860, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17993579, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18790821, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18809835, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19241098, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19253388, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23662938, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23708187, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24564546, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26993267, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27864847}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In EIEE2; affect activity; does not affect the cellular distribution of the protein.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  175
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1030
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   GFARNLSEGNNANYTEYVAT  R WYRSPELLLGAPYGKSVDMW
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         GFARNLSEGNNANYTEYVATRWYRSPELLLGAPYGKSVDMW

Mouse                         GFARNLSEGNNANYTEYVATRWYRSPELLLGAPYGKSVDMW

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1030 Cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5
Domain 13 – 297 Protein kinase


Literature citations

Functional consequences of mutations in CDKL5, an X-linked gene involved in infantile spasms and mental retardation.
Bertani I.; Rusconi L.; Bolognese F.; Forlani G.; Conca B.; De Monte L.; Badaracco G.; Landsberger N.; Kilstrup-Nielsen C.;
J. Biol. Chem. 281:32048-32056(2006)
Cited for: FUNCTION; AUTOPHOSPHORYLATION; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS EIEE2 PHE-152 AND SER-175;

Mutations in the X-linked cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5/STK9) gene are associated with severe neurodevelopmental retardation.
Tao J.; Van Esch H.; Hagedorn-Greiwe M.; Hoffmann K.; Moser B.; Raynaud M.; Sperner J.; Fryns J.-P.; Schwinger E.; Gecz J.; Ropers H.-H.; Kalscheuer V.M.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 75:1149-1154(2004)
Cited for: VARIANTS EIEE2 PHE-152 AND SER-175; VARIANT PRO-791;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.