Home  |  Contact

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P08686: Variant p.Leu261Pro

Steroid 21-hydroxylase
Gene: CYP21A2
Variant information

Variant position:  261
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Leucine (L) to Proline (P) at position 261 (L261P, p.Leu261Pro).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Similar physico-chemical property. Both residues are medium size and hydrophobic.
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Adrenal hyperplasia 3 (AH3) [MIM:201910]: A form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, a common recessive disease due to defective synthesis of cortisol. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is characterized by androgen excess leading to ambiguous genitalia in affected females, rapid somatic growth during childhood in both sexes with premature closure of the epiphyses and short adult stature. Four clinical types: 'salt wasting' (SW, the most severe type), 'simple virilizing' (SV, less severely affected patients), with normal aldosterone biosynthesis, 'non-classic form' or late-onset (NC or LOAH) and 'cryptic' (asymptomatic). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10051010, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10094562, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10198222, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10364682, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10391209, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10408778, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10408786, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10443693, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10496074, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10720040, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11232002, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11598371, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11600539, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11746135, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12213891, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12222711, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12788866, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12887291, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12915679, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1406699, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1406709, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14676460, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14715874, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1496017, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15110320, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15126570, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16046588, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1644925, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16984992, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18319307, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18381579, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18445671, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1864962, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1937474, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20080860, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2072928, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21169732, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22014889, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2303461, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27721825, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3038528, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3257825, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3260007, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3267225, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3497399, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3871526, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7749410, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8478006, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8485582, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8989258, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9067760, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9187661, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9497336, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9580109}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In AH3.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  261
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  494
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   LRQHKESLVAGQWRDMMDYM  L QGVAQPSMEEGSGQLLEGHV
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         LRQHKESLVAGQWRDMMDYMLQGVAQPSMEEGSGQLLEGHV

                              LRQHKESMVAGQWRDMTDYMLQRVGRLRAEEGCGQLLEGHV

Mouse                         LKQHKDSLVAGQWKDMIDYMLQGVEKQRDGKDEERLHEGHV

Rat                           LKRHKDSLVAGQWKDMIDYMLQGVEKQRDARDPGQLHERHV

Pig                           LRRHKESMVAGQWRDMLDYMLQEAGRQRVEEGQGQLLEGHV

Bovine                        LTRHKESMVAGQWRDMTDYMLQGVGRQRVEEGPGQLLEGHV

Cat                           LRQHKDSMVAGQWRDMTDYMLQGMGKPKVEKGHGRLLEGHV

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 494 Steroid 21-hydroxylase
Mutagenesis 268 – 268 S -> CMT. No loss of function.
Mutagenesis 281 – 281 V -> I. Normal KM but 50% reduced Vmax.
Mutagenesis 281 – 281 V -> T. Normal KM but 10% reduced Vmax.
Helix 256 – 261


Literature citations

Molecular analysis of CYP-21 mutations for congenital adrenal hyperplasia in Singapore.
Loke K.Y.; Lee Y.S.; Lee W.W.R.; Poh L.K.S.;
Horm. Res. 55:179-184(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS AH3 LEU-30; ASN-172; PRO-261; TRP-356 AND PRO-483;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.