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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P42336: Variant p.Glu545Gly

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform
Gene: PIK3CA
Chromosomal location: 3q26.3
Variant information

Variant position:  545
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glutamate (E) to Glycine (G) at position 545 (E545G, p.Glu545Gly).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and acidic (E) to glycine (G)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Keratosis, seborrheic (KERSEB) [MIM:182000]: A common benign skin tumor. Seborrheic keratoses usually begin with the appearance of one or more sharply defined, light brown, flat macules. The lesions may be sparse or numerous. As they initially grow, they develop a velvety to finely verrucous surface, followed by an uneven warty surface with multiple plugged follicles and a dull or lackluster appearance. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17673550}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In KERSEB; also found in an endometrial carcinoma sample.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  545
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1068
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   ENDKEQLKAISTRDPLSEIT  E QEKDFLWSHRHYCVTIPEIL
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         ENDKEQLKAISTRDPLSEITEQEKDFLWSHRHYCVTIPEIL

Mouse                         ENDKEQLRALCTRDPLSEITEQEKDFLWSHRHYCVTIPEIL

Rat                           ENDKEQLRALCTRDPLSEITEQEKDFLWSHRHYCVTIPEIL

Bovine                        ENDKEQLRAICTRDPLSEITEQEKDFLWSHRHYCVTIPEIL

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1068 Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform
Domain 517 – 694 PIK helical
Helix 545 – 553


Literature citations

Mutation of the PIK3CA gene in ovarian and breast cancer.
Campbell I.G.; Russell S.E.; Choong D.Y.H.; Montgomery K.G.; Ciavarella M.L.; Hooi C.S.F.; Cristiano B.E.; Pearson R.B.; Phillips W.A.;
Cancer Res. 64:7678-7681(2004)
Cited for: INVOLVEMENT IN OC; VARIANTS CANCER GLY-545; LYS-545; LYS-546; GLU-546; ARG-1047 AND LEU-1047;

High frequency of coexistent mutations of PIK3CA and PTEN genes in endometrial carcinoma.
Oda K.; Stokoe D.; Taketani Y.; McCormick F.;
Cancer Res. 65:10669-10673(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS CANCER GLN-542; LYS-542; GLY-545; LYS-545; ARG-1007; HIS-1021; CYS-1021; VAL-1035; ILE-1043; TYR-1047; ARG-1047; ASP-1050; LYS-1052 AND LEU-1065;

The prevalence of PIK3CA mutations in gastric and colon cancer.
Velho S.; Oliveira C.; Ferreira A.; Ferreira A.C.; Suriano G.; Schwartz S. Jr.; Duval A.; Carneiro F.; Machado J.C.; Hamelin R.; Seruca R.;
Eur. J. Cancer 41:1649-1654(2005)
Cited for: INVOLVEMENT IN CRC; VARIANTS CANCER LYS-542; GLY-545; LYS-545; GLN-1023; ARG-1047 AND LEU-1047;

Oncogenic PIK3CA mutations occur in epidermal nevi and seborrheic keratoses with a characteristic mutation pattern.
Hafner C.; Lopez-Knowles E.; Luis N.M.; Toll A.; Baselga E.; Fernandez-Casado A.; Hernandez S.; Ribe A.; Mentzel T.; Stoehr R.; Hofstaedter F.; Landthaler M.; Vogt T.; Pujol R.M.; Hartmann A.; Real F.X.;
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104:13450-13454(2007)
Cited for: VARIANTS KERSEB LYS-542; LYS-545; GLY-545 AND ARG-1047;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.