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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q5TBB1: Variant p.Tyr219His

Ribonuclease H2 subunit B
Gene: RNASEH2B
Variant information

Variant position:  219
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Tyrosine (Y) to Histidine (H) at position 219 (Y219H, p.Tyr219His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (Y) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In AGS2; heterozygous compound with a nonsense mutation; reduces stability of the RNase complex.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  219
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  312
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   QASTDKEEDYIRYAHGLISD  Y IPKELSDDLSKYLKLPEPSA
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         QASTDKEEDYIRYAHGLISDYIPKELSDDLSKYL-KLPEPSA

Mouse                         QVSRDKEEDYVRYAHGLISDYIPKELSDDLSKFL-KLPEPP

Rat                           QVSRDKEEDYVRYAHGLISDYIPKELSDDLSKLL-KLPEPP

Bovine                        QVSSDKDEDYVRYAHGLISDYIPKQLSDDLSKYL-KLPEPP

Xenopus laevis                QGSDVKEEDYTRYAHGLISEYLTEDLREDLSKYL-GLPDLS

Xenopus tropicalis            QGSDVKEEDYTRYAHGLISEYLTEDLREDLSKYL-GLPDLS

Baker's yeast                 APTEIKQCYKVVMATNLLVSLIPRAAYHNLLTFS---PTMD

Fission yeast                 LPQDLLELSCKWHAASLVCEDLQPEWYNKLAYWQEELAPLH

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 2 – 312 Ribonuclease H2 subunit B
Turn 217 – 219


Literature citations

The structural and biochemical characterization of human RNase H2 complex reveals the molecular basis for substrate recognition and Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome defects.
Figiel M.; Chon H.; Cerritelli S.M.; Cybulska M.; Crouch R.J.; Nowotny M.;
J. Biol. Chem. 286:10540-10550(2011)
Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (3.1 ANGSTROMS) OF 14-233; SUBUNIT; FUNCTION; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS AGS2 LEU-73; SER-83; ARG-86 AND HIS-219;

Mutations in genes encoding ribonuclease H2 subunits cause Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome and mimic congenital viral brain infection.
Crow Y.J.; Leitch A.; Hayward B.E.; Garner A.; Parmar R.; Griffith E.; Ali M.; Semple C.; Aicardi J.; Babul-Hirji R.; Baumann C.; Baxter P.; Bertini E.; Chandler K.E.; Chitayat D.; Cau D.; Dery C.; Fazzi E.; Goizet C.; King M.D.; Klepper J.; Lacombe D.; Lanzi G.; Lyall H.; Martinez-Frias M.L.; Mathieu M.; McKeown C.; Monier A.; Oade Y.; Quarrell O.W.; Rittey C.D.; Rogers R.C.; Sanchis A.; Stephenson J.B.P.; Tacke U.; Till M.; Tolmie J.L.; Tomlin P.; Voit T.; Weschke B.; Woods C.G.; Lebon P.; Bonthron D.T.; Ponting C.P.; Jackson A.P.;
Nat. Genet. 38:910-916(2006)
Cited for: VARIANTS AGS2 ARG-60; ARG-86; THR-162; ILE-163; THR-177; GLY-185 AND HIS-219; FUNCTION; TISSUE SPECIFICITY; INTERACTION WITH RNASEH2A AND RNASEH2C;

Clinical and molecular phenotype of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome.
Rice G.; Patrick T.; Parmar R.; Taylor C.F.; Aeby A.; Aicardi J.; Artuch R.; Montalto S.A.; Bacino C.A.; Barroso B.; Baxter P.; Benko W.S.; Bergmann C.; Bertini E.; Biancheri R.; Blair E.M.; Blau N.; Bonthron D.T.; Briggs T.; Brueton L.A.; Brunner H.G.; Burke C.J.; Carr I.M.; Carvalho D.R.; Chandler K.E.; Christen H.J.; Corry P.C.; Cowan F.M.; Cox H.; D'Arrigo S.; Dean J.; De Laet C.; De Praeter C.; Dery C.; Ferrie C.D.; Flintoff K.; Frints S.G.; Garcia-Cazorla A.; Gener B.; Goizet C.; Goutieres F.; Green A.J.; Guet A.; Hamel B.C.; Hayward B.E.; Heiberg A.; Hennekam R.C.; Husson M.; Jackson A.P.; Jayatunga R.; Jiang Y.H.; Kant S.G.; Kao A.; King M.D.; Kingston H.M.; Klepper J.; van der Knaap M.S.; Kornberg A.J.; Kotzot D.; Kratzer W.; Lacombe D.; Lagae L.; Landrieu P.G.; Lanzi G.; Leitch A.; Lim M.J.; Livingston J.H.; Lourenco C.M.; Lyall E.G.; Lynch S.A.; Lyons M.J.; Marom D.; McClure J.P.; McWilliam R.; Melancon S.B.; Mewasingh L.D.; Moutard M.L.; Nischal K.K.; Ostergaard J.R.; Prendiville J.; Rasmussen M.; Rogers R.C.; Roland D.; Rosser E.M.; Rostasy K.; Roubertie A.; Sanchis A.; Schiffmann R.; Scholl-Burgi S.; Seal S.; Shalev S.A.; Corcoles C.S.; Sinha G.P.; Soler D.; Spiegel R.; Stephenson J.B.; Tacke U.; Tan T.Y.; Till M.; Tolmie J.L.; Tomlin P.; Vagnarelli F.; Valente E.M.; Van Coster R.N.; Van der Aa N.; Vanderver A.; Vles J.S.; Voit T.; Wassmer E.; Weschke B.; Whiteford M.L.; Willemsen M.A.; Zankl A.; Zuberi S.M.; Orcesi S.; Fazzi E.; Lebon P.; Crow Y.J.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 81:713-725(2007)
Cited for: VARIANTS AGS2 HIS-43; ARG-60; LEU-73; SER-83; ARG-86; PHE-138; ILE-159; THR-162; ILE-163; THE-177; MET-183; GLY-185 AND HIS-219;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.