UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P35498: Variant p.Glu78Asp

Sodium channel protein type 1 subunit alpha
Gene: SCN1A
Chromosomal location: 2q24.3
Variant information

Variant position:  78
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glutamate (E) to Aspartate (D) at position 78 (E78D, p.Glu78Asp).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Similar physico-chemical property. Both residues are medium size and acidic.
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 6 (EIEE6) [MIM:607208]: A severe form of epileptic encephalopathy characterized by generalized tonic, clonic, and tonic-clonic seizures that are initially induced by fever and begin during the first year of life. Later, patients also manifest other seizure types, including absence, myoclonic, and simple and complex partial seizures. Psychomotor development delay is observed around the second year of life. Some patients manifest a borderline disease phenotype and do not necessarily fulfill all diagnostic criteria for core EIEE6. EIEE6 is considered to be the most severe phenotype within the spectrum of generalized epilepsies with febrile seizures-plus. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11359211, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12083760, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12566275, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12754708, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12821740, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14504318, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14672992, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14738421, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15087100, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15944908, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16122630, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16458823, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16713920, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17054684, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17054685, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17129991, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17347258, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17561957, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18413471, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18639757, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18930999, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19522081, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19563458, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19589774, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19783390, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20110217, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20431604, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20452746, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20522430, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20729507, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21248271, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21864321, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22092154, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22612257, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23195492, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23662938, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23708187, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25818041, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26993267, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27864847, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28544625}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In EIEE6.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  78
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2009
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   GKNLPFIYGDIPPEMVSEPL  E DLDPYYINKKTFIVLNKGKA
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         GKNLPFIYGDIPPEMVSEPLEDLDPYYINKKTFIVLNKGKA

Mouse                         GKNLPFIYGDIPPEMVSEPLEDLDPYYINKKTFIVLNKGKA

Rat                           GKNLPFIYGDIPPEMVSEPLEDLDPYYINKKTFIVLNKGKA

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2009 Sodium channel protein type 1 subunit alpha
Topological domain 1 – 128 Cytoplasmic


Literature citations

Spectrum of SCN1A mutations in severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy.
Nabbout R.; Gennaro E.; Dalla Bernardina B.; Dulac O.; Madia F.; Bertini E.; Capovilla G.; Chiron C.; Cristofori G.; Elia M.; Fontana E.; Gaggero R.; Granata T.; Guerrini R.; Loi M.; La Selva L.; Lispi M.L.; Matricardi A.; Romeo A.; Tzolas V.; Valseriati D.; Veggiotti P.; Vigevano F.; Vallee L.; Dagna Bricarelli F.; Bianchi A.; Zara F.;
Neurology 60:1961-1967(2003)
Cited for: VARIANTS EIEE6 ASP-78; GLU-177; SER-227; ARG-280; ILE-297; ASN-426; ARG-1233; ILE-1461; SER-1463; ALA-1668; THR-1780 AND 1812-TRP--LYS-1815 DELINS CYS;

Familial occurrence of febrile seizures and epilepsy in severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI) patients with SCN1A mutations.
Mancardi M.M.; Striano P.; Gennaro E.; Madia F.; Paravidino R.; Scapolan S.; Dalla Bernardina B.; Bertini E.; Bianchi A.; Capovilla G.; Darra F.; Elia M.; Freri E.; Gobbi G.; Granata T.; Guerrini R.; Pantaleoni C.; Parmeggiani A.; Romeo A.; Santucci M.; Vecchi M.; Veggiotti P.; Vigevano F.; Pistorio A.; Gaggero R.; Zara F.;
Epilepsia 47:1629-1635(2006)
Cited for: VARIANTS EIEE6 ASP-78; PRO-162; ASN-194; LYS-217; SER-227; ARG-280; LEU-383; CYS-393; SER-393; ASN-426; ARG-812; LYS-846; PRO-942; ARG-1233; GLN-1245; CYS-1422; ARG-1426; LEU-1451; SER-1463; SER-1475; ALA-1668; ARG-1714; GLU-1762; PHE-1773 AND THR-1780;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.