UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q01453: Variant p.Cys109Arg

Peripheral myelin protein 22
Gene: PMP22
Chromosomal location: 17p11.2-p12
Variant information

Variant position:  109
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Cysteine (C) to Arginine (R) at position 109 (C109R, p.Cys109Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (C) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS) [MIM:145900]: A severe degenerating neuropathy of the demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease category, with onset by age 2 years. Characterized by motor and sensory neuropathy with very slow nerve conduction velocities, increased cerebrospinal fluid protein concentrations, hypertrophic nerve changes, delayed age of walking as well as areflexia. There are both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive forms of Dejerine-Sottas syndrome. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10211478, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10663978, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11438991, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12090401, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7675244, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7728152, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8252046, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8275092, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8995589, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9004143, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9055797, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9187667, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9452053, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9544841, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9585367, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9633821}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In DSS.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  109
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  160
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.






Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 160 Peripheral myelin protein 22
Transmembrane 96 – 119 Helical

Literature citations

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type I and related demyelinating neuropathies: mutation analysis in a large cohort of Italian families.
Mostacciuolo M.L.; Righetti E.; Zortea M.; Bosello V.; Schiavon F.; Vallo L.; Merlini L.; Siciliano G.; Fabrizi G.M.; Rizzuto N.; Milani M.; Baratta S.; Taroni F.;
Hum. Mutat. 18:32-41(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS DSS LEU-72 AND ARG-109;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.