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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9NZW4: Variant p.Arg68Trp

Dentin sialophosphoprotein
Gene: DSPP
Variant information

Variant position:  68
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Tryptophan (W) at position 68 (R68W, p.Arg68Trp).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to large size and aromatic (W)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Dentinogenesis imperfecta, Shields type 2 (DGI2) [MIM:125490]: A form of dentinogenesis imperfecta, an autosomal dominant dentin disorder characterized by amber-brown, opalescent teeth that fracture and shed their enamel during mastication, thereby exposing the dentin to rapid wear. Radiographically, the crown appears bulbous and pulpal obliteration is common. The pulp chambers are initially larger than normal prior and immediately after tooth eruption, and then progressively close down to become almost obliterated by abnormal dentin formation. Roots are short and thin. Both primary and permanent teeth are affected. DGI2 is not associated with osteogenesis imperfecta. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11175779, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14758537, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17627120, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21029264, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22392858}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. DSPP defects causing dentin abnormalities act in a dominant negative manner and include missense, splice-site, frameshift mutations. 5' frameshift mutations cause dentin dysplasia while frameshift mutations at the 3' end cause the more severe dentinogenesis imperfecta phenotype (PubMed:18521831 and PubMed:22392858).
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In DGI2.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  68
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1301
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.




Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 16 – 1301 Dentin sialophosphoprotein
Chain 16 – 462 Dentin sialoprotein
Glycosylation 49 – 49 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Glycosylation 81 – 81 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine

Literature citations

Clinical, histopathologic, and genetic investigation in two large families with dentinogenesis imperfecta type II.
Malmgren B.; Lindskog S.; Elgadi A.; Norgren S.;
Hum. Genet. 114:491-498(2004)
Cited for: VARIANTS DGI2 VAL-15 AND TRP-68;

DMP1 mutations in autosomal recessive hypophosphatemia implicate a bone matrix protein in the regulation of phosphate homeostasis.
Lorenz-Depiereux B.; Bastepe M.; Benet-Pages A.; Amyere M.; Wagenstaller J.; Mueller-Barth U.; Badenhoop K.; Kaiser S.M.; Rittmaster R.S.; Shlossberg A.H.; Olivares J.L.; Loris C.; Ramos F.J.; Glorieux F.; Vikkula M.; Jueppner H.; Strom T.M.;
Nat. Genet. 38:1248-1250(2006)
Cited for: VARIANT TRP-68;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.