UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O76024: Variant p.Ala716Thr

Gene: WFS1
Chromosomal location: 4p16.1
Variant information

Variant position:  716
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Threonine (T) at position 716 (A716T, p.Ala716Thr).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to medium size and polar (T)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Deafness, autosomal dominant, 6 (DFNA6) [MIM:600965]: A form of non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. Sensorineural deafness results from damage to the neural receptors of the inner ear, the nerve pathways to the brain, or the area of the brain that receives sound information. DFNA6 is a low-frequency hearing loss in which frequencies of 2000 Hz and below are predominantly affected. Many patients have tinnitus, but there are otherwise no associated features such as vertigo. Because high-frequency hearing is generally preserved, patients retain excellent understanding of speech, although presbycusis or noise exposure may cause high-frequency loss later in life. DFNA6 worsens over time without progressing to profound deafness. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11709537, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11709538, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12181639, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17517145, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18518985, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18688868, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21356526, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24462758, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25388789}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In DFNA6.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  716
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  890
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.



Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 890 Wolframin
Topological domain 653 – 869 Lumenal

Literature citations

Mutations in the Wolfram syndrome 1 gene (WFS1) are a common cause of low frequency sensorineural hearing loss.
Bespalova I.N.; Van Camp G.; Bom S.J.H.; Brown D.J.; Cryns K.; DeWan A.T.; Erson A.E.; Flothmann K.; Kunst H.P.M.; Kurnool P.; Sivakumaran T.A.; Cremers C.W.R.J.; Leal S.M.; Burmeister M.; Lesperance M.M.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 10:2501-2508(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS DFNA6 MET-699; THR-716; MET-779; PRO-829 AND ASP-831; VARIANT ILE-333;

Non-syndromic progressive hearing loss DFNA38 is caused by heterozygous missense mutation in the Wolfram syndrome gene WFS1.
Young T.-L.; Ives E.; Lynch E.; Person R.; Snook S.; MacLaren L.; Cater T.; Griffin A.; Fernandez B.; Lee M.K.; King M.-C.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 10:2509-2514(2001)
Cited for: VARIANT DFNA6 THR-716; VARIANTS ARG-107; ILE-333; HIS-611 AND MET-871;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.