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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P01031: Variant p.Arg449Gly

Complement C5
Gene: C5
Variant information

Variant position:  449
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LB/B
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Glycine (G) at position 449 (R449G, p.Arg449Gly).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to glycine (G)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Polymorphism:  C5 variants are responsible for poor response to eculizumab [MIM:615749]. Eculizumab is a monoclonal antibody highly effective in reducing intravascular hemolysis in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. It specifically binds to the terminal complement protein C5, inhibits its cleavage into C5a and C5b, and prevents the formations of the cytolytic complement pore (PubMed:24521109).
Additional information on the polymorphism described.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  449
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1676
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   TVLEFNVKTDAPDLPEENQA  R EGYRAIAYSSLSQSYLYIDW
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         TVLEFNVKTDAPDLPEENQAREGYRAIAYSSLSQSYLYIDW

Mouse                         TVLKFEIRTDDPELPEENQASKEYEAVAYSSLSQSYIYIAW

Pig                           -----------------------------------------

Bovine                        -----------------------------------------

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 19 – 673 Complement C5 beta chain
Beta strand 449 – 456


Literature citations

Submission
SeattleSNPs variation discovery resource;
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]; VARIANTS ILE-145; GLY-449; ILE-802; GLN-928; VAL-933; THR-1033; ASN-1037; LYS-1043; ASN-1310 AND ASP-1437;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.