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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O00555: Variant p.Arg582Gln

Voltage-dependent P/Q-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1A
Gene: CACNA1A
Variant information

Variant position:  582
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Glutamine (Q) at position 582 (R582Q, p.Arg582Gln).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (Q)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Spinocerebellar ataxia 6 (SCA6) [MIM:183086]: Spinocerebellar ataxia is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of cerebellar disorders. Patients show progressive incoordination of gait and often poor coordination of hands, speech and eye movements, due to degeneration of the cerebellum with variable involvement of the brainstem and spinal cord. SCA6 is an autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (ADCA), mainly caused by expansion of a CAG repeat in the coding region of CACNA1A. There seems to be a correlation between the repeat number and earlier onset of the disorder. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:16325861, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20682717, ECO:0000269|PubMed:29053796, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8988170, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9302278, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9345107}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Involvement in disease:  Migraine, familial hemiplegic, 1 (FHM1) [MIM:141500]: A subtype of migraine with aura associated with ictal hemiparesis and, in some families, cerebellar ataxia and atrophy. Migraine is a disabling symptom complex of periodic headaches, usually temporal and unilateral. Headaches are often accompanied by irritability, nausea, vomiting and photophobia, preceded by constriction of the cranial arteries. Migraine with aura is characterized by recurrent attacks of reversible neurological symptoms (aura) that precede or accompany the headache. Aura may include a combination of sensory disturbances, such as blurred vision, hallucinations, vertigo, numbness and difficulty in concentrating and speaking. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10408532, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11409427, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11439943, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15032980, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18400034, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24836863, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26716990, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28900389, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8898206}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In FHM1 and SCA6.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  582
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2506
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   IFEVIWAVIKPGTSFGISVL  R ALRLLRIFKVTKYWASLRNL
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2506 Voltage-dependent P/Q-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1A
Transmembrane 578 – 596 Helical; Name=S4 of repeat II
Repeat 472 – 716 II


Literature citations

The clinical spectrum of familial hemiplegic migraine associated with mutations in a neuronal calcium channel.
Ducros A.; Denier C.; Joutel A.; Cecillon M.; Lescoat C.; Vahedi K.; Darcel F.; Vicaut E.; Bousser M.G.; Tournier-Lasserve E.;
N. Engl. J. Med. 345:17-24(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS FHM1 LYS-195; GLN-582; MET-665; GLU-714; GLU-1334; CYS-1383; TRP-1666; ARG-1682 AND ILE-1694;

Exome sequencing and network analysis identifies shared mechanisms underlying spinocerebellar ataxia.
Nibbeling E.A.R.; Duarri A.; Verschuuren-Bemelmans C.C.; Fokkens M.R.; Karjalainen J.M.; Smeets C.J.L.M.; de Boer-Bergsma J.J.; van der Vries G.; Dooijes D.; Bampi G.B.; van Diemen C.; Brunt E.; Ippel E.; Kremer B.; Vlak M.; Adir N.; Wijmenga C.; van de Warrenburg B.P.C.; Franke L.; Sinke R.J.; Verbeek D.S.;
Brain 140:2860-2878(2017)
Cited for: VARIANTS SCA6 GLN-582; TYR-1337 AND 1545-ARG--CYS-2506 DEL;

Cerebellar Atrophy and Changes in Cytokines Associated with the CACNA1A R583Q Mutation in a Russian Familial Hemiplegic Migraine Type 1 Family.
Khaiboullina S.F.; Mendelevich E.G.; Shigapova L.H.; Shagimardanova E.; Gazizova G.; Nikitin A.; Martynova E.; Davidyuk Y.N.; Bogdanov E.I.; Gusev O.; van den Maagdenberg A.M.J.M.; Giniatullin R.A.; Rizvanov A.A.;
Front. Cell. Neurosci. 11:263-263(2017)
Cited for: VARIANT FHM1 GLN-582;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.