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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q8IWW8: Variant p.Cys449Arg

Hydroxyacid-oxoacid transhydrogenase, mitochondrial
Gene: ADHFE1
Variant information

Variant position:  449
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LB/B
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Cysteine (C) to Arginine (R) at position 449 (C449R, p.Cys449Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (C) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  449
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  467
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   DIPALVKGTLPQERVTKLAP  C PQSEEDLAALFEASMKLY
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         DIPALVKGTLPQERVTKLAPCPQSEEDLAALFEASMKLY

Mouse                         DIPSLVKGTLPQERVTKLAPRAQSEEDLSALFEASMKLY

Rat                           DIPSLVKGTLPQERVTKLAPRAQSEEDLSALFEASMKLY

Bovine                        DIPELVKGTLPQERVTKLAPRPQSEEDLSALFEASMKLY

Xenopus laevis                DIPALVKGTLPQERVTKLSPRAHSEEELAALFEASMKLY

Xenopus tropicalis            DIPALVKGTLPQERVTKLSPRAHSEEELAGLFEASMKLY

Caenorhabditis elegans        DIEMLTEAASHSVPNIAISPKSADREIISTLYEKSLTVY

Drosophila                    DIPALVEGTLPQERITKLAPRAQTQENLSQLFEKSMEVY

Slime mold                    DIDSLVKGTLPQHRVTKLMPKQATYDDLYKLFKDSMTIY

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Modified residue 445 – 445 N6-acetyllysine
Modified residue 452 – 452 Phosphoserine
Alternative sequence 304 – 467 Missing. In isoform 3 and isoform 4.


Literature citations

Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.
Ota T.; Suzuki Y.; Nishikawa T.; Otsuki T.; Sugiyama T.; Irie R.; Wakamatsu A.; Hayashi K.; Sato H.; Nagai K.; Kimura K.; Makita H.; Sekine M.; Obayashi M.; Nishi T.; Shibahara T.; Tanaka T.; Ishii S.; Yamamoto J.; Saito K.; Kawai Y.; Isono Y.; Nakamura Y.; Nagahari K.; Murakami K.; Yasuda T.; Iwayanagi T.; Wagatsuma M.; Shiratori A.; Sudo H.; Hosoiri T.; Kaku Y.; Kodaira H.; Kondo H.; Sugawara M.; Takahashi M.; Kanda K.; Yokoi T.; Furuya T.; Kikkawa E.; Omura Y.; Abe K.; Kamihara K.; Katsuta N.; Sato K.; Tanikawa M.; Yamazaki M.; Ninomiya K.; Ishibashi T.; Yamashita H.; Murakawa K.; Fujimori K.; Tanai H.; Kimata M.; Watanabe M.; Hiraoka S.; Chiba Y.; Ishida S.; Ono Y.; Takiguchi S.; Watanabe S.; Yosida M.; Hotuta T.; Kusano J.; Kanehori K.; Takahashi-Fujii A.; Hara H.; Tanase T.-O.; Nomura Y.; Togiya S.; Komai F.; Hara R.; Takeuchi K.; Arita M.; Imose N.; Musashino K.; Yuuki H.; Oshima A.; Sasaki N.; Aotsuka S.; Yoshikawa Y.; Matsunawa H.; Ichihara T.; Shiohata N.; Sano S.; Moriya S.; Momiyama H.; Satoh N.; Takami S.; Terashima Y.; Suzuki O.; Nakagawa S.; Senoh A.; Mizoguchi H.; Goto Y.; Shimizu F.; Wakebe H.; Hishigaki H.; Watanabe T.; Sugiyama A.; Takemoto M.; Kawakami B.; Yamazaki M.; Watanabe K.; Kumagai A.; Itakura S.; Fukuzumi Y.; Fujimori Y.; Komiyama M.; Tashiro H.; Tanigami A.; Fujiwara T.; Ono T.; Yamada K.; Fujii Y.; Ozaki K.; Hirao M.; Ohmori Y.; Kawabata A.; Hikiji T.; Kobatake N.; Inagaki H.; Ikema Y.; Okamoto S.; Okitani R.; Kawakami T.; Noguchi S.; Itoh T.; Shigeta K.; Senba T.; Matsumura K.; Nakajima Y.; Mizuno T.; Morinaga M.; Sasaki M.; Togashi T.; Oyama M.; Hata H.; Watanabe M.; Komatsu T.; Mizushima-Sugano J.; Satoh T.; Shirai Y.; Takahashi Y.; Nakagawa K.; Okumura K.; Nagase T.; Nomura N.; Kikuchi H.; Masuho Y.; Yamashita R.; Nakai K.; Yada T.; Nakamura Y.; Ohara O.; Isogai T.; Sugano S.;
Nat. Genet. 36:40-45(2004)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORMS 2 AND 3); VARIANT ARG-449;

Expression profiling and differential screening between hepatoblastomas and the corresponding normal livers: identification of high expression of the PLK1 oncogene as a poor-prognostic indicator of hepatoblastomas.
Yamada S.; Ohira M.; Horie H.; Ando K.; Takayasu H.; Suzuki Y.; Sugano S.; Hirata T.; Goto T.; Matsunaga T.; Hiyama E.; Hayashi Y.; Ando H.; Suita S.; Kaneko M.; Sasaki F.; Hashizume K.; Ohnuma N.; Nakagawara A.;
Oncogene 23:5901-5911(2004)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] OF 415-467; VARIANT ARG-449;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.