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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q99572: Variant p.Val76Ala

P2X purinoceptor 7
Gene: P2RX7
Variant information

Variant position:  76
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LB/B
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Valine (V) to Alanine (A) at position 76 (V76A, p.Val76Ala).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and hydrophobic (V) to small size and hydrophobic (A)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  76
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  595
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   PVISSVHTKVKGIAEVKEEI  V ENGVKKLVHSVFDTADYTFP
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         PVISSVHTKVKGIAEVKEEIVENGVKKLVHSVFDTADYTFP

Mouse                         PVISSVHTKVKGIAEVTENVTEGGVTKLGHSIFDTADYTFP

Rat                           PLISSVHTKVKGVAEVTENVTEGGVTKLVHGIFDTADYTLP

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 595 P2X purinoceptor 7
Topological domain 47 – 334 Extracellular
Alternative sequence 1 – 98 MPACCSCSDVFQYETNKVTRIQSMNYGTIKWFFHVIIFSYVCFALVSDKLYQRKEPVISSVHTKVKGIAEVKEEIVENGVKKLVHSVFDTADYTFPLQ -> MTPGDHSW. In isoform G and isoform H.
Alternative sequence 4 – 292 Missing. In isoform F.
Alternative sequence 8 – 177 Missing. In isoform D.


Literature citations

A rare functional haplotype of the P2RX4 and P2RX7 genes leads to loss of innate phagocytosis and confers increased risk of age-related macular degeneration.
Gu B.J.; Baird P.N.; Vessey K.A.; Skarratt K.K.; Fletcher E.L.; Fuller S.J.; Richardson A.J.; Guymer R.H.; Wiley J.S.;
FASEB J. 27:1479-1487(2013)
Cited for: VARIANTS ALA-76; ARG-150; HIS-155; HIS-270; HIS-276; GLN-307; THR-348; SER-357; ARG-460; ALA-496 AND ASN-568; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT ARG-150; FUNCTION;

Purinergic receptors P2RX4 and P2RX7 in familial multiple sclerosis.
Sadovnick A.D.; Gu B.J.; Traboulsee A.L.; Bernales C.Q.; Encarnacion M.; Yee I.M.; Criscuoli M.G.; Huang X.; Ou A.; Milligan C.J.; Petrou S.; Wiley J.S.; Vilarino-Gueell C.;
Hum. Mutat. 38:736-744(2017)
Cited for: VARIANTS ALA-76; TRP-117; LEU-125; ARG-148; ARG-150; HIS-155; MET-205; HIS-264; HIS-270; HIS-276; HIS-288; GLN-307; THR-348; SER-357; SER-361; VAL-433; ARG-460; ALA-496; GLN-521; ILE-522; VAL-535; GLN-544 AND ASN-568; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS MET-205 AND SER-361; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; FUNCTION;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.