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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P41180: Variant p.Asn118Lys

Extracellular calcium-sensing receptor
Gene: CASR
Chromosomal location: 3q21-q24
Variant information

Variant position:  118
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Asparagine (N) to Lysine (K) at position 118 (N118K, p.Asn118Lys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (N) to large size and basic (K)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant 1 (HYPOC1) [MIM:601198]: A disorder of mineral homeostasis characterized by blood calcium levels below normal, and low or normal serum parathyroid hormone concentrations. Disease manifestations include mild or asymptomatic hypocalcemia, paresthesias, carpopedal spasm, seizures, hypercalciuria with nephrocalcinosis or kidney stones, and ectopic and basal ganglia calcifications. Few patients manifest hypocalcemia and features of Bartter syndrome, including hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, and hyperaldosteronemia. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10487661, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12050233, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12107202, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12241879, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12574188, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12915654, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15551332, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16608894, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19179454, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22789683, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23169696, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23966241, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25766501, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7874174, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8702647, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8733126, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8813042, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8878438, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9253358, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9661634, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9920108}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In HYPOC1; the mutation shifts the concentration-response curve to the left and increases maximal activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  118
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1078
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   FDTCNTVSKALEATLSFVAQ  N KIDSLNLDEFCNCSEHIPST
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         FDTCNTVSKALEATLSFVAQNKIDSLNLDEFCNCSEHIPST

Mouse                         FDTCNTVSKALEATLSFVAQNKIDSLNLDEFCNCSEHIPST

Rat                           FDTCNTVSKALEATLSFVAQNKIDSLNLDEFCNCSEHIPST

Pig                           FDTCNTVSKALEATLSFVAQNKIDSLNLDEFCNCSEHIPST

Bovine                        FDTCNTVSKALEATLSFVAQNKIDSLNLDEFCNCSEHIPST

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 20 – 1078 Extracellular calcium-sensing receptor
Topological domain 20 – 612 Extracellular
Region 22 – 188 Ligand-binding 1 (LB1)
Metal binding 100 – 100 Calcium
Glycosylation 130 – 130 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Disulfide bond 129 – 129 Interchain
Disulfide bond 131 – 131 Interchain
Mutagenesis 102 – 102 N -> I. Abolishes G-protein coupled receptor activity.
Helix 116 – 123


Literature citations

A familial syndrome of hypocalcemia with hypercalciuria due to mutations in the calcium-sensing receptor.
Pearce S.H.S.; Williamson C.; Kifor O.; Bai M.; Coulthard M.G.; Davies M.; Lewis-Barned N.; McCredie D.; Powell H.; Kendall-Taylor P.; Brown E.M.; Thakker R.V.;
N. Engl. J. Med. 335:1115-1122(1996)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]; VARIANTS HYPOC1 LYS-118; LEU-128; MET-151; LYS-191 AND SER-612; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS HYPOC1 LEU-128; MET-151 AND LYS-191;

Sporadic hypoparathyroidism caused by de Novo gain-of-function mutations of the Ca(2+)-sensing receptor.
De Luca F.; Ray K.; Mancilla E.E.; Fan G.-F.; Winer K.K.; Gore P.; Spiegel A.M.; Baron J.;
J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 82:2710-2715(1997)
Cited for: VARIANTS HYPOC1 LYS-118; ARG-773 AND SER-806; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS HYPOC1 LYS-118; ARG-773 AND SER-806;

Calcium-sensing receptor mutations and denaturing high performance liquid chromatography.
Cole D.E.; Yun F.H.; Wong B.Y.; Shuen A.Y.; Booth R.A.; Scillitani A.; Pidasheva S.; Zhou X.; Canaff L.; Hendy G.N.;
J. Mol. Endocrinol. 42:331-339(2009)
Cited for: VARIANTS HHC1 SER-42; LEU-55; HIS-66; MET-81; MET-138; ARG-143; ARG-158; GLY-166; TRP-220; ARG-549; TYR-562; GLY-565; TYR-582; 583-ASN--SER-1078 DEL; TYR-661; HIS-680; ILE-761 DEL AND TRP-795; VARIANTS HYPOC1 LYS-118; PHE-125; ARG-129; LYS-228; LYS-604; ILE-802; SER-830; LEU-832 AND SER-832;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.