UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P17405: Variant p.His421Arg

Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase
Gene: SMPD1
Chromosomal location: 11p15.1-p15.4
Variant information

Variant position:  421
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Histidine (H) to Arginine (R) at position 421 (H421R, p.His421Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (H) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Niemann-Pick disease A (NPDA) [MIM:257200]: An early-onset lysosomal storage disorder caused by failure to hydrolyze sphingomyelin to ceramide. It results in the accumulation of sphingomyelin and other metabolically related lipids in reticuloendothelial and other cell types throughout the body, leading to cell death. Niemann-Pick disease type A is a primarily neurodegenerative disorder characterized by onset within the first year of life, mental retardation, digestive disorders, failure to thrive, major hepatosplenomegaly, and severe neurologic symptoms. The severe neurological disorders and pulmonary infections lead to an early death, often around the age of four. Clinical features are variable. A phenotypic continuum exists between type A (basic neurovisceral) and type B (purely visceral) forms of Niemann-Pick disease, and the intermediate types encompass a cluster of variants combining clinical features of both types A and B. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12556236, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1391960, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15221801, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15877209, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1618760, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1718266, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18815062, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19405096, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2023926, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20386867, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22818240, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23252888, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23430884, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26499107, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27338287, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8680412, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8693491, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9266408}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In NPDA.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  421
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  629
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.




Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 47 – 629 Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase
Metal binding 425 – 425 Zinc 2; via tele nitrogen
Disulfide bond 385 – 431
Beta strand 419 – 423

Literature citations

Identification and characterization of SMPD1 mutations causing Niemann-Pick types A and B in Spanish patients.
Rodriguez-Pascau L.; Gort L.; Schuchman E.H.; Vilageliu L.; Grinberg D.; Chabas A.;
Hum. Mutat. 30:1117-1122(2009)
Cited for: VARIANTS NPDA SER-245; CYS-367; PHE-390 DEL; ARG-421; SER-467; GLU-482 AND THR-592 DEL; VARIANTS NPDB CYS-228; HIS-376; TRP-474; ALA-486 AND ARG-608 DEL;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.