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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P17405: Variant p.Arg476Trp

Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase
Gene: SMPD1
Variant information

Variant position:  476
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Tryptophan (W) at position 476 (R476W, p.Arg476Trp).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to large size and aromatic (W)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In NPDB; some patients have a NPDA/NPDB intermediate phenotype.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  476
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  631
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.




Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 47 – 631 Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase
Metal binding 459 – 459 Zinc 2; via pros nitrogen
Metal binding 461 – 461 Zinc 1; via tele nitrogen
Beta strand 476 – 483

Literature citations

The demographics and distribution of type B Niemann-Pick disease: novel mutations lead to new genotype/phenotype correlations.
Simonaro C.M.; Desnick R.J.; McGovern M.M.; Wasserstein M.P.; Schuchman E.H.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 71:1413-1419(2002)
Cited for: VARIANTS NPDB VAL-51; TRP-94; PRO-139; ARG-159; PRO-198; CYS-202; MET-227; CYS-230; ASP-234; SER-247; ARG-250; HIS-291; ALA-325; ARG-332; ASP-359; HIS-378; LEU-378; PRO-381; VAL-415; TYR-423; ARG-433; PRO-434; CYS-437; VAL-454; ASP-458; TRP-476; LEU-477; LEU-482; ASN-490; SER-496; CYS-498; GLN-516; VAL-517; ARG-535; PRO-551; ASN-578; HIS-602 AND PRO-602; VARIANT VAL-487;

Acid sphingomyelinase deficiency. Phenotype variability with prevalence of intermediate phenotype in a series of twenty-five Czech and Slovak patients. A multi-approach study.
Pavluu-Pereira H.; Asfaw B.; Poupctova H.; Ledvinova J.; Sikora J.; Vanier M.T.; Sandhoff K.; Zeman J.; Novotna Z.; Chudoba D.; Elleder M.;
J. Inherit. Metab. Dis. 28:203-227(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS NPDA ARG-168; LEU-186; HIS-230; VAL-243; ARG-250; GLU-253; ALA-280; HIS-291; LYS-294; PRO-343; HIS-378; TRP-476; ARG-535 AND SER-579; VARIANT ARG-508; CATALYTIC ACTIVITY; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS NPDA LEU-186; GLU-253; ALA-280; LYS-294; PRO-343 AND HIS-378;

Identification and characterization of SMPD1 mutations causing Niemann-Pick types A and B in Spanish patients.
Rodriguez-Pascau L.; Gort L.; Schuchman E.H.; Vilageliu L.; Grinberg D.; Chabas A.;
Hum. Mutat. 30:1117-1122(2009)
Cited for: VARIANTS NPDA SER-247; CYS-369; PHE-392 DEL; ARG-423; SER-469; GLU-484 AND THR-594 DEL; VARIANTS NPDB CYS-230; HIS-378; TRP-476; ALA-488 AND ARG-610 DEL;

Identification of seven novel SMPD1 mutations causing Niemann-Pick disease types A and B.
Irun P.; Mallen M.; Dominguez C.; Rodriguez-Sureda V.; Alvarez-Sala L.A.; Arslan N.; Bermejo N.; Guerrero C.; Perez de Soto I.; Villalon L.; Giraldo P.; Pocovi M.;
Clin. Genet. 84:356-361(2013)
Cited for: VARIANTS NPDA ARG-228 AND ARG-387; VARIANTS NPDB CYS-230; SER-247; HIS-378; TRP-476; SER-492; PHE-599 AND ARG-610 DEL;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.