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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P01308: Variant p.Gly90Cys

Insulin
Gene: INS
Chromosomal location: 11p15.5
Variant information

Variant position:  90
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Cysteine (C) at position 90 (G90C, p.Gly90Cys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to medium size and polar (C)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Diabetes mellitus, permanent neonatal (PNDM) [MIM:606176]: A rare form of diabetes distinct from childhood-onset autoimmune diabetes mellitus type 1. It is characterized by insulin-requiring hyperglycemia that is diagnosed within the first months of life. Permanent neonatal diabetes requires lifelong therapy. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17855560, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18162506}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In PNDM.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  90
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  110
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   GGPGAGSLQPLALEGSLQKR  G IVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         GGPGAGSLQPLALEGSLQKRGIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN

Gorilla                       GGPGAGSLQPLALEGSLQKRGIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN

                              GAPGEGGLQPLALEGALQKRGIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN

Chimpanzee                    GGPGAGSLQPLALEGSLQKRGIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN

Pig                           G--GLGGLQALALEGPPQKRGIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN

Bovine                        GGPGAGGL-----EGPPQKRGIVEQCCASVCSLYQLENYCN

Rabbit                        GGPGAGGLQPSALELALQKRGIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN

Goat                          --------------------GIVEQCCAGVCSLYQLENYCN

Sheep                         GGPGAGGL-----EGPPQKRGIVEQCCAGVCSLYQLENYCN

Cat                           EAPGAGGLQPSALEAPLQKRGIVEQCCASVCSLYQLEHYCN

Horse                         GGPGLGGLQPLALAGPQQXXGIVEQCCTGICSLYQLENYCN

Chicken                       E---AGVLPFQQEEYEKVKRGIVEQCCHNTCSLYQLENYCN

Zebrafish                     QETEVADFAFKDHAELIRKRGIVEQCCHKPCSIFELQNYCN

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Peptide 90 – 110 Insulin A chain
Disulfide bond 31 – 96 Interchain (between B and A chains)
Disulfide bond 43 – 109 Interchain (between B and A chains)


Literature citations

Insulin gene mutations as a cause of permanent neonatal diabetes.
Stoy J.; Edghill E.L.; Flanagan S.E.; Ye H.; Paz V.P.; Pluzhnikov A.; Below J.E.; Hayes M.G.; Cox N.J.; Lipkind G.M.; Lipton R.B.; Greeley S.A.; Patch A.M.; Ellard S.; Steiner D.F.; Hattersley A.T.; Philipson L.H.; Bell G.I.;
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104:15040-15044(2007)
Cited for: VARIANTS PNDM ASP-24; ARG-32; SER-32; GLY-43; VAL-47; CYS-48; CYS-89; CYS-90; TYR-96 AND CYS-108;

Insulin mutation screening in 1,044 patients with diabetes: mutations in the INS gene are a common cause of neonatal diabetes but a rare cause of diabetes diagnosed in childhood or adulthood.
Edghill E.L.; Flanagan S.E.; Patch A.M.; Boustred C.; Parrish A.; Shields B.; Shepherd M.H.; Hussain K.; Kapoor R.R.; Malecki M.; MacDonald M.J.; Stoy J.; Steiner D.F.; Philipson L.H.; Bell G.I.; Hattersley A.T.; Ellard S.;
Diabetes 57:1034-1042(2008)
Cited for: VARIANTS PNDM ASP-24; ASP-29; ARG-32; SER-32; PRO-35; GLY-43; VAL-47; CYS-48; ARG-84; CYS-89; CYS-90; SER-96; TYR-96; CYS-101; CYS-103 AND CYS-108; VARIANT MODY10 CYS-6; VARIANT MET-68;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.