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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q15858: Variant p.Phe216Ser

Sodium channel protein type 9 subunit alpha
Gene: SCN9A
Chromosomal location: 2q24.3
Variant information

Variant position:  216
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Phenylalanine (F) to Serine (S) at position 216 (F216S, p.Phe216Ser).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (F) to small size and polar (S)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Primary erythermalgia (PERYTHM) [MIM:133020]: Autosomal dominant disease characterized by recurrent episodes of severe pain associated with redness and warmth in the feet or hands. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:14985375, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15385606, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15955112, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15958509, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16216943, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16392115, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16702558, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16988069, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18945915, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19369487, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24311784}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In PERYTHM; hyperpolarizes the voltage dependence of activation by 11 mV, accelerates activation, slows deactivation and enhances the response to slow, small depolarizations.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  216
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1988
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   IVFAYLTEFVNLGNVSALRT  F RVLRALKTISVIPGLKTIVG
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         IVFAYLTEFVNLGNVSALRTFRVLRALKTISVIPGLKTIVG

Mouse                         IVFAYLTEFVNLGNVSALRTFRVLRALKTISVIPGLKTIVG

Rat                           IVFAYLTEFVNLGNVSALRTFRVLRALKTISVIPGLKTIVG

Rabbit                        IVFAYLTEFVNLGNVSALRTFRVLRALKTISVIPGLKTIVG

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1988 Sodium channel protein type 9 subunit alpha
Transmembrane 212 – 228 Helical; Name=S4 of repeat I
Repeat 112 – 410 I
Glycosylation 209 – 209 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Alternative sequence 200 – 229 YLTEFVNLGNVSALRTFRVLRALKTISVIP -> YVTEFVDLGNVSALRTFRVLRALKTISVIP. In isoform 2 and isoform 4.
Helix 215 – 218


Literature citations

SCN9A mutations define primary erythermalgia as a neuropathic disorder of voltage gated sodium channels.
Drenth J.P.; te Morsche R.H.; Guillet G.; Taieb A.; Kirby R.L.; Jansen J.B.;
J. Invest. Dermatol. 124:1333-1338(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS PERYTHM SER-216; LYS-395; THR-859 AND PHE-869; VARIANT ARG-1161;

Inherited erythermalgia: limb pain from an S4 charge-neutral Na channelopathy.
Choi J.S.; Dib-Hajj S.D.; Waxman S.G.;
Neurology 67:1563-1567(2006)
Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT PERYTHM SER-216; FUNCTION; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.