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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q15858: Variant p.Lys666Arg

Sodium channel protein type 9 subunit alpha
Gene: SCN9A
Chromosomal location: 2q24.3
Variant information

Variant position:  666
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Lysine (K) to Arginine (R) at position 666 (K666R, p.Lys666Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Similar physico-chemical property. Both residues are large size and basic.
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus 7 (GEFS+7) [MIM:613863]: A rare autosomal dominant, familial condition with incomplete penetrance and large intrafamilial variability. Patients display febrile seizures persisting sometimes beyond the age of 6 years and/or a variety of afebrile seizure types. This disease combines febrile seizures, generalized seizures often precipitated by fever at age 6 years or more, and partial seizures, with a variable degree of severity. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19763161}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In GEFS+7; also found in a patient with severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  666
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1988
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   PEVIIDKATSDDSGTTNQIH  K KRRCSSYLLSEDMLNDPNLR
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         PEVIIDKATSDDSGTTNQIHKKRRCSSYLLSEDMLNDPNLR

Mouse                         PEVIIDKATSDDSGTTNQMRKKRLSSSYFLSEDMLNDPHLR

Rat                           PEVIIDKATSDDSGTTNQMRKKRLSSSYFLSEDMLNDPHLR

Rabbit                        PEVIIDKATSDDSGTT-QIRKKRRSSSYLLSEDMLNDPHLR

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1988 Sodium channel protein type 9 subunit alpha
Topological domain 400 – 744 Cytoplasmic


Literature citations

A role of SCN9A in human epilepsies, as a cause of febrile seizures and as a potential modifier of Dravet syndrome.
Singh N.A.; Pappas C.; Dahle E.J.; Claes L.R.; Pruess T.H.; De Jonghe P.; Thompson J.; Dixon M.; Gurnett C.; Peiffer A.; White H.S.; Filloux F.; Leppert M.F.;
PLoS Genet. 5:E1000649-E1000649(2009)
Cited for: VARIANTS GEFS+7 TYR-641 AND ARG-666; VARIANTS FEB3B VAL-62 AND GLN-149; VARIANTS MET-228; ASN-490; LYS-519; MET-695; TYR-710; VAL-750; PHE-1134; GLN-1171 AND VAL-1278;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.