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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P00374: Variant p.Leu80Phe

Dihydrofolate reductase
Gene: DHFR
Variant information

Variant position:  80
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Leucine (L) to Phenylalanine (F) at position 80 (L80F, p.Leu80Phe).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and hydrophobic (L) to large size and aromatic (F)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Megaloblastic anemia due to dihydrofolate reductase deficiency (DHFRD) [MIM:613839]: An inborn error of metabolism, characterized by megaloblastic anemia and/or pancytopenia, severe cerebral folate deficiency, and cerebral tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency. Clinical features include variable neurologic symptoms, ranging from severe developmental delay and generalized seizures in infancy, to childhood absence epilepsy with learning difficulties, to lack of symptoms. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21310276, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21310277}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In DHFRD.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  80
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  187
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.


Mouse                         SIPEKNRPLKDRINIVLSRE-------LKEP--PRGAHFLA

Rat                           SIPEKNRPLKDRINIVLSRE-------LKEP--PQGAHFLA

Pig                           SIPEKNRPLKDRINIVLSRE-------LKEP--PQGAHFLA

Bovine                        SIPEKNRPLKDRINIVLSRE-------LKEP--PKGAHFLA

Chicken                       SIPEKNRPLKDRINIVLSRE-------LKEA--PKGAHYLS

Caenorhabditis elegans        SIPVTRRPLAGRLNIVLSRQ-------LPAQ--KSDDYIVV

Drosophila                    GVPESKRPLPDRLNIVLSTT-------LQESDLPKGV-LLC

Baker's yeast                 SIPPKFRPLPNRMNVIISRS-------FKDDFVHDKERSIV


Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 187 Dihydrofolate reductase
Domain 4 – 185 DHFR
Binding site 65 – 65 Substrate
Binding site 71 – 71 Substrate
Mutagenesis 65 – 65 N -> F. Increases affinity for dihydrofolate about 3-fold. No effect on affinity for NADPH.
Mutagenesis 65 – 65 N -> S. Increases affinity for dihydrofolate about 15-fold. No effect on affinity for NADPH.

Literature citations

Identification and characterization of an inborn error of metabolism caused by dihydrofolate reductase deficiency.
Banka S.; Blom H.J.; Walter J.; Aziz M.; Urquhart J.; Clouthier C.M.; Rice G.I.; de Brouwer A.P.; Hilton E.; Vassallo G.; Will A.; Smith D.E.; Smulders Y.M.; Wevers R.A.; Steinfeld R.; Heales S.; Crow Y.J.; Pelletier J.N.; Jones S.; Newman W.G.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 88:216-225(2011)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.