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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P31751: Variant p.Arg274His

RAC-beta serine/threonine-protein kinase
Gene: AKT2
Variant information

Variant position:  274
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Histidine (H) at position 274 (R274H, p.Arg274His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In NIDDM; associated with typical metabolic dyslipidemia with elevated fastin triglyceride, high VLDL triglyceride/cholesterol ratios, low HDL cholesterol levels and high small dense LDL levels; de novo lipogenesis and liver fat are also significantly elevated in this subject.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  274
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  481
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.





Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 481 RAC-beta serine/threonine-protein kinase
Domain 152 – 409 Protein kinase
Active site 275 – 275 Proton acceptor
Metal binding 280 – 280 Manganese
Metal binding 293 – 293 Manganese

Literature citations

A family with severe insulin resistance and diabetes due to a mutation in AKT2.
George S.; Rochford J.J.; Wolfrum C.; Gray S.L.; Schinner S.; Wilson J.C.; Soos M.A.; Murgatroyd P.R.; Williams R.M.; Acerini C.L.; Dunger D.B.; Barford D.; Umpleby A.M.; Wareham N.J.; Davies H.A.; Schafer A.J.; Stoffel M.; O'Rahilly S.; Barroso I.;
Science 304:1325-1328(2004)
Cited for: VARIANT NIDDM HIS-274;

Postreceptor insulin resistance contributes to human dyslipidemia and hepatic steatosis.
Semple R.K.; Sleigh A.; Murgatroyd P.R.; Adams C.A.; Bluck L.; Jackson S.; Vottero A.; Kanabar D.; Charlton-Menys V.; Durrington P.; Soos M.A.; Carpenter T.A.; Lomas D.J.; Cochran E.K.; Gorden P.; O'Rahilly S.; Savage D.B.;
J. Clin. Invest. 119:315-322(2009)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.