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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9H2A9: Variant p.Arg77Trp

Carbohydrate sulfotransferase 8
Gene: CHST8
Variant information

Variant position:  77
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Tryptophan (W) at position 77 (R77W, p.Arg77Trp).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to large size and aromatic (W)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Peeling skin syndrome 3 (PSS3) [MIM:616265]: A form of peeling skin syndrome, a genodermatosis characterized by generalized, continuous shedding of the outer layers of the epidermis. Two main PSS subtypes have been suggested. Patients with non-inflammatory PSS (type A) manifest white scaling, with painless and easy removal of the skin, irritation when in contact with water, dust and sand, and no history of erythema, pruritis or atopy. Inflammatory PSS (type B) is associated with generalized erythema, pruritus and atopy. It is an ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by lifelong patchy peeling of the entire skin with onset at birth or shortly after. Several patients have been reported with high IgE levels. PSS3 is characterized by generalized white scaling occurring over the upper and lower extremities. Symptoms start during the second half of the first decade of life. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:22289416}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In PSS3; results in decreased enzyme activity; the mutant protein shows reduced glycosylation.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  77
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  424
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   DLPPGGSQDGDLKEPTERVT  R DLSSGAPRGRNLPAPDQPQP
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         DLPPGGSQDGDLKEPTERVTRDLSSGAPRGRNLPAPDQPQP-

Mouse                         --------DSHLRISTEKGTRDSPSGSPRGLQLQAPDQPRP

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 424 Carbohydrate sulfotransferase 8
Topological domain 32 – 424 Lumenal


Literature citations

Whole-exome sequencing in a single proband reveals a mutation in the CHST8 gene in autosomal recessive peeling skin syndrome.
Cabral R.M.; Kurban M.; Wajid M.; Shimomura Y.; Petukhova L.; Christiano A.M.;
Genomics 99:202-208(2012)
Cited for: TISSUE SPECIFICITY; INVOLVEMENT IN PSS3; VARIANT PSS3 TRP-77; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT PSS3 TRP-77;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.