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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q96K19: Variant p.Arg199Cys

E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase RNF170
Gene: RNF170
Variant information

Variant position:  199
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Cysteine (C) at position 199 (R199C, p.Arg199Cys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (C)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Ataxia, sensory, 1, autosomal dominant (SNAX1) [MIM:608984]: A rare disease characterized by progressive ataxia caused by degeneration of the posterior columns of the spinal cord. Affected individuals have a reduced ability to feel pain, temperature and vibration, particularly in the hands and feet. Their most prominent feature is an ataxic gait resulting from a severe loss of proprioception. Thus, patients rely on visual cues for maintaining proper body posture, such that they are unable to remain upright if their eyes are closed (Romberg sign). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21115467}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In SNAX1.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  199
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  258
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   TLLRHAFREMFSVGGLFWMF  R IRIILCLMGAFFYLISPLDF
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         TLLRHAFREMFSVGGLFWMFRIRIILCLMGAFFYLISPLDF

Mouse                         TLLRHAFREVFSVGGLFWMFRIRIMLCLMGAFFYLISPLDF

Bovine                        TLLRHAFREMFSVGGLFWMFRIRIILCLMGAFFYLISPLDF

Xenopus laevis                TLLRHAFREMFSVGGLFWMFRIRIVLCLLGALLYLVSPLDI

Xenopus tropicalis            TLLRHAFREMFSVGGLFWMFRIRIVLCLLGALFYLVSPLDI

Zebrafish                     TLLRHAFREMFSVGGLFWMFRVRILLCVCGALAYLVSPLDF

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 258 E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase RNF170
Topological domain 46 – 201 Cytoplasmic
Alternative sequence 117 – 258 Missing. In isoform 5.
Alternative sequence 133 – 200 VTLLLTVFGEDDQSQDVLRLHQDINDYNRRFSGQPRSIMERIMDLPTLLRHAFREMFSVGGLFWMFRI -> GSSEKSSRASEQTHQEAVACLDTQNSPACTVGCRSGPQHIPHDRMLPSASPRLCFTLLDCVSILWFSG. In isoform 3.
Alternative sequence 170 – 258 IMERIMDLPTLLRHAFREMFSVGGLFWMFRIRIILCLMGAFFYLISPLDFVPEALFGILGFLDDFFVIFLLLIYISIMYREVITQRLTR -> VSNAKACSKLEEDTFLLFCKVRFTNKYSLTMRNLGQAQWLAPIVLALWEAKAGGSLEPRSLRPALET. In isoform 2.


Literature citations

A mutation in the RNF170 gene causes autosomal dominant sensory ataxia.
Valdmanis P.N.; Dupre N.; Lachance M.; Stochmanski S.J.; Belzil V.V.; Dion P.A.; Thiffault I.; Brais B.; Weston L.; Saint-Amant L.; Samuels M.E.; Rouleau G.A.;
Brain 134:602-607(2011)
Cited for: VARIANT SNAX1 CYS-199; TISSUE SPECIFICITY;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.