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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q2M1K9: Variant p.His1277Tyr

Zinc finger protein 423
Gene: ZNF423
Variant information

Variant position:  1277
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Histidine (H) to Tyrosine (Y) at position 1277 (H1277Y, p.His1277Tyr).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (H) to large size and aromatic (Y)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Joubert syndrome 19 (JBTS19) [MIM:614844]: A form of Joubert syndrome, a disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). JBTS19 patients have polycystic kidney disease, Leber congenital amaurosis, cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, and breathing abnormality. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:22863007}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In JBTS19.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  1277
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1284
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   KIYDCSQCPQKFFFQTELQN  H TMSQHAQ
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         K---------IYDCSQCPQKFF---FQTELQNHTMSQHAQ

Mouse                         K---------IYDCSQCPQKFF---FQT

Rat                           K---------IYDCSQCPQKFF---FQT

Zebrafish                     K---------IYDCSQCPQKFF---FQT

Drosophila                    EPENHPDEEEYIEVEQMPHETRPSGIGS

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1284 Zinc finger protein 423
Zinc finger 1259 – 1282 C2H2-type 30


Literature citations

Exome capture reveals ZNF423 and CEP164 mutations, linking renal ciliopathies to DNA damage response signaling.
Chaki M.; Airik R.; Ghosh A.K.; Giles R.H.; Chen R.; Slaats G.G.; Wang H.; Hurd T.W.; Zhou W.; Cluckey A.; Gee H.Y.; Ramaswami G.; Hong C.J.; Hamilton B.A.; Cervenka I.; Ganji R.S.; Bryja V.; Arts H.H.; van Reeuwijk J.; Oud M.M.; Letteboer S.J.; Roepman R.; Husson H.; Ibraghimov-Beskrovnaya O.; Yasunaga T.; Walz G.; Eley L.; Sayer J.A.; Schermer B.; Liebau M.C.; Benzing T.; Le Corre S.; Drummond I.; Janssen S.; Allen S.J.; Natarajan S.; O'Toole J.F.; Attanasio M.; Saunier S.; Antignac C.; Koenekoop R.K.; Ren H.; Lopez I.; Nayir A.; Stoetzel C.; Dollfus H.; Massoudi R.; Gleeson J.G.; Andreoli S.P.; Doherty D.G.; Lindstrad A.; Golzio C.; Katsanis N.; Pape L.; Abboud E.B.; Al-Rajhi A.A.; Lewis R.A.; Omran H.; Lee E.Y.; Wang S.; Sekiguchi J.M.; Saunders R.; Johnson C.A.; Garner E.; Vanselow K.; Andersen J.S.; Shlomai J.; Nurnberg G.; Nurnberg P.; Levy S.; Smogorzewska A.; Otto E.A.; Hildebrandt F.;
Cell 150:533-548(2012)
Cited for: INTERACTION WITH PARP1 AND CEP290; VARIANT NPHP14 LEU-913; VARIANT JBTS19 TYR-1277;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.