Home  |  Contact

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P07902: Variant p.Ile170Thr

Galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
Gene: GALT
Chromosomal location: 9p13
Variant information

Variant position:  170
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Isoleucine (I) to Threonine (T) at position 170 (I170T, p.Ile170Thr).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and hydrophobic (I) to medium size and polar (T)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Galactosemia (GALCT) [MIM:230400]: Inherited disorder of galactose metabolism that causes jaundice, cataracts, and mental retardation. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10220154, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11754113, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11919338, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1373122, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1427861, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15841485, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1610789, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17041746, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17876724, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18956253, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1897530, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2011574, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22461411, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23022339, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25592817, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25614870, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27005423, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7550229, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7887416, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7887417, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8112740, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8499924, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8598637, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8741038, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8869397, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8956044, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9222760}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In GALCT; loss of activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  170
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  379
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   VVDAWASVTEELGAQYPWVQ  I FENKGAMMGCSNPHPHCQVW
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 379 Galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
Active site 186 – 186 Tele-UMP-histidine intermediate
Metal binding 184 – 184 Zinc 1
Binding site 173 – 173 UDP-alpha-D-glucose; shared with dimeric partner
Binding site 188 – 188 UDP-alpha-D-glucose
Beta strand 166 – 175


Literature citations

Correlation assessment among clinical phenotypes, expression analysis and molecular modeling of 14 novel variations in the human galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase gene.
Tang M.; Facchiano A.; Rachamadugu R.; Calderon F.; Mao R.; Milanesi L.; Marabotti A.; Lai K.;
Hum. Mutat. 33:1107-1115(2012)
Cited for: FUNCTION; PATHWAY; CATALYTIC ACTIVITY; BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES; VARIANTS GALCT ASN-34; GLN-132; LEU-168; THR-170; PRO-227; GLN-259; VAL-291 AND PRO-327; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS GALCT ASN-34; GLN-132; LEU-135; LEU-168; THR-170; HIS-185; ARG-188; CYS-201; LYS-220; SER-223; PRO-227; GLN-259; ASN-278; PHE-289; VAL-291 AND PRO-327;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.