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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q15526: Variant p.Ala56Gly

Surfeit locus protein 1
Gene: SURF1
Variant information

Variant position:  56
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Polymorphism
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Glycine (G) at position 56 (A56G, p.Ala56Gly).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to glycine (G)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Leigh syndrome (LS) [MIM:256000]: An early-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of focal, bilateral lesions in one or more areas of the central nervous system including the brainstem, thalamus, basal ganglia, cerebellum and spinal cord. Clinical features depend on which areas of the central nervous system are involved and include subacute onset of psychomotor retardation, hypotonia, ataxia, weakness, vision loss, eye movement abnormalities, seizures, and dysphagia. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10647889, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10746561, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14564068, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21937992, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22410471, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22488715, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9843204}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In LS; benign variant.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  56
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  300
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         GVAWR------PSRCGSS--AAEASATKAEDDSFLQW-----VLLLIPVTAFGL

Mouse                         GMVCR------PRRCCSS--TAETAAAKAEDDSFLQW----

Rat                           GMVCR------PHRCCSS--TAETAAAKAEDDSFLQW----


Xenopus tropicalis            ----------NLRFCTTRSFSSVSPAAESSEDTVLKW----


Drosophila                    PVNW-----------TTS--IPNQAAKDKEKIAPLGW----

Slime mold                    -----------------------------------------

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 300 Surfeit locus protein 1

Literature citations

SURF1-associated leigh syndrome: A case series and novel mutations.
Lee I.C.; El-Hattab A.W.; Wang J.; Li F.Y.; Weng S.W.; Craigen W.J.; Wong L.J.;
Hum. Mutat. 33:1192-1200(2012)
Cited for: VARIANTS LS GLY-56; PRO-90; GLY-177; GLU-205 AND ARG-257;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.