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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q6NUS6: Variant p.Gly314Arg

Gene: TCTN3
Variant information

Variant position:  314
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Arginine (R) at position 314 (G314R, p.Gly314Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Joubert syndrome 18 (JBTS18) [MIM:614815]: A form of Joubert syndrome, a disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy and renal disease. JBTS18 patients have vermis agenesis and the molar tooth sign as well as severe kyphoscoliosis. Other features include intrauterine growth retardation, oral anomalies, micrognathism, polydactyly and camptodactyly, joint laxity, horseshoe kidney, and ventricular septal defect. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:22883145}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. TCTN3-mutated fibroblasts from JBTS18 patients fail to respond to Shh agonists suggesting that at least some of the defects in affected individuals may be secondary to reduced Shh signaling (PubMed:22883145). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:22883145}.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In JBTS18.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  314
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  607
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.



Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 23 – 607 Tectonic-3
Topological domain 23 – 581 Extracellular
Alternative sequence 212 – 607 Missing. In isoform 4.
Alternative sequence 297 – 365 Missing. In isoform 5.
Alternative sequence 297 – 323 Missing. In isoform 3.

Literature citations

TCTN3 mutations cause Mohr-Majewski syndrome.
Thomas S.; Legendre M.; Saunier S.; Bessieres B.; Alby C.; Bonniere M.; Toutain A.; Loeuillet L.; Szymanska K.; Jossic F.; Gaillard D.; Yacoubi M.T.; Mougou-Zerelli S.; David A.; Barthez M.A.; Ville Y.; Bole-Feysot C.; Nitschke P.; Lyonnet S.; Munnich A.; Johnson C.A.; Encha-Razavi F.; Cormier-Daire V.; Thauvin-Robinet C.; Vekemans M.; Attie-Bitach T.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 91:372-378(2012)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.