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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P31749: Variant p.Arg25Cys

RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase
Gene: AKT1
Variant information

Variant position:  25
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Cysteine (C) at position 25 (R25C, p.Arg25Cys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (C)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In CWS6.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  25
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  480
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   AIVKEGWLHKRGEYIKTWRP  R YFLLKNDGTFIGYKERPQDV
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         AIVKEGWLHKRGEYIKTWRPRYFLLKNDGTFIGYKERPQDV

Mouse                         AIVKEGWLHKRGEYIKTWRPRYFLLKNDGTFIGYKERPQDV

Rat                           AIVKEGWLHKRGEYIKTWRPRYFLLKNDGTFIGYKERPQDV

Bovine                        AIVKEGWLHKRGEYIKTWRPRYFLLKNDGTFIGYKERPQDL

Xenopus laevis                AIVKEGWLHKRGEYIKTWRPRYFLLKSDGTFIGYKERPQDV

Caenorhabditis elegans        DVVIEGWLHKKGEHIRNWRPRYFMIFNDGALLGFRAKPKEG

Drosophila                    QVVKEGWLMKRGEHIKNWRQRYFVLHSDGRLMGYRSKPADS

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 480 RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase
Domain 5 – 108 PH
Region 23 – 25 Inositol-(1,3,4,5)-tetrakisphosphate binding
Modified residue 14 – 14 N6-acetyllysine
Modified residue 20 – 20 N6-acetyllysine
Alternative sequence 1 – 62 Missing. In isoform 2.
Mutagenesis 8 – 8 K -> R. Substantial reduction of ubiquitination, phosphorylation at T-308 and S-473, AKT activation as well as IGF1-induced membrane recruitment. Decrease in ubiquitination and phosphorylation at T-308 as well as impaired association with the membrane; when associated with K-17.
Mutagenesis 14 – 14 K -> A. Impairs interaction with PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2.
Mutagenesis 14 – 14 K -> Q. Substantial reduction of phosphorylation at T-308 and S-473, loss of AKT activation, and loss of binding to PIP3 as well as IGF1-induced membrane recruitment.
Mutagenesis 14 – 14 K -> R. Substantial reduction of ubiquitination, phosphorylation at T-308 and S-473, AKT activation, loss of binding to PIP3 as well as IGF1-induced membrane recruitment.
Mutagenesis 17 – 17 E -> K. No effect on membrane localization. Loss of membrane localization; when associated with Q-20.
Mutagenesis 20 – 20 K -> Q. Substantial reduction of phosphorylation at T-308 and S-473, reduced AKT activation, and reduced binding to PIP3 as well as IGF1-induced membrane recruitment. Loss of membrane localization; when associated with K-17.
Mutagenesis 20 – 20 K -> R. Slight increase of phosphorylation at T-308 and S-473.
Mutagenesis 25 – 25 R -> AC. Impairs interaction with PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2.
Beta strand 22 – 30


Literature citations

Germline PIK3CA and AKT1 mutations in Cowden and Cowden-like syndromes.
Orloff M.S.; He X.; Peterson C.; Chen F.; Chen J.L.; Mester J.L.; Eng C.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 92:76-80(2013)
Cited for: VARIANTS CWS6 CYS-25 AND PRO-435;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.