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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9Y3Z3: Variant p.Arg290His

Deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase SAMHD1
Gene: SAMHD1
Variant information

Variant position:  290
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Histidine (H) at position 290 (R290H, p.Arg290His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 5 (AGS5) [MIM:612952]: A form of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome, a genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by cerebral atrophy, leukoencephalopathy, intracranial calcifications, chronic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocytosis, increased CSF alpha-interferon, and negative serologic investigations for common prenatal infection. Clinical features as thrombocytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly and elevated hepatic transaminases along with intermittent fever may erroneously suggest an infective process. Severe neurological dysfunctions manifest in infancy as progressive microcephaly, spasticity, dystonic posturing and profound psychomotor retardation. Death often occurs in early childhood. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19525956, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20131292, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20842748, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24035396, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24183309, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28229507, ECO:0000269|PubMed:29670289}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In AGS5; loss of oligomerization; decreased ability to restrict LINE-1 retrotransposon activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  290
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  626
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   EQIVGPLESPVEDSLWPYKG  R PENKSFLYEIVSNKRNGIDV
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         EQIVGPLESPVED--------SLWPYKGRPENKSFLYEIVSNKRNGIDV

Mouse                         EQIMGPPITPVKD--------SLWPYKGRPATKSFLYEIVS

Bovine                        EQITGPPESPIKDA-------SKWLYKGRPKEKSFLYEIVA

Chicken                       EQIGGPIDETACE--------ESWPYRGRPKEKSFLYEIVA

Xenopus laevis                EQIAGPLSSEAEQQFNSSPNSSSWPYRGRTEEKSFLYEIVA

Zebrafish                     EQIAGPLESAVLDQ-------SQWPYKGRPVEKSFLYEVVA

Slime mold                    SLIQG---------------------KHRPKERAFIYDIVA

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 626 Deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase SAMHD1
Domain 164 – 316 HD
Alternative sequence 285 – 354 Missing. In isoform 3.
Beta strand 288 – 290


Literature citations

Modulation of LINE-1 and Alu/SVA retrotransposition by Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome-related SAMHD1.
Zhao K.; Du J.; Han X.; Goodier J.L.; Li P.; Zhou X.; Wei W.; Evans S.L.; Li L.; Zhang W.; Cheung L.E.; Wang G.; Kazazian H.H. Jr.; Yu X.F.;
Cell Rep. 4:1108-1115(2013)
Cited for: FUNCTION; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS AGS5 PRO-123; HIS-143; GLN-145; TYR-167; ASN-201; SER-209; VAL-254 AND HIS-290;

A SAMHD1 mutation associated with Aicardi-Goutieres Syndrome uncouples the ability of SAMHD1 to restrict HIV-1 from its ability to downmodulate type I interferon in humans.
White T.E.; Brandariz-Nunez A.; Martinez-Lopez A.; Knowlton C.; Lenzi G.; Kim B.; Ivanov D.; Diaz-Griffero F.;
Hum. Mutat. 38:658-668(2017)
Cited for: FUNCTION; SUBUNIT; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS AGS5 PRO-123; CYS-143; HIS-143; GLN-145; TYR-167; ASN-201; SER-209; VAL-254; HIS-290; SER-369; VAL-385 AND THR-448; MUTAGENESIS OF ARG-226; ASP-311 AND GLN-548;

Expanding the phenotypic spectrum of lupus erythematosus in Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome.
Ramantani G.; Kohlhase J.; Hertzberg C.; Innes A.M.; Engel K.; Hunger S.; Borozdin W.; Mah J.K.; Ungerath K.; Walkenhorst H.; Richardt H.H.; Buckard J.; Bevot A.; Siegel C.; von Stuelpnagel C.; Ikonomidou C.; Thomas K.; Proud V.; Niemann F.; Wieczorek D.; Haeusler M.; Niggemann P.; Baltaci V.; Conrad K.; Lebon P.; Lee-Kirsch M.A.;
Arthritis Rheum. 62:1469-1477(2010)
Cited for: VARIANTS AGS5 TYR-167 AND HIS-290;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.