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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q13885: Variant p.Ala248Val

Tubulin beta-2A chain
Gene: TUBB2A
Variant information

Variant position:  248
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Valine (V) at position 248 (A248V, p.Ala248Val).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to medium size and hydrophobic (V)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Cortical dysplasia, complex, with other brain malformations 5 (CDCBM5) [MIM:615763]: A disorder of aberrant neuronal migration and disturbed axonal guidance. Clinical features include seizures, global developmental delay, and various brain malformations such as a diffuse simplified gyral pattern with reduced volume of white matter, globular basal ganglia, thin and dysmorphic corpus callosum, mild brainstem hypoplasia with a flat pons, mild cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, and mildly enlarged posterior fossa. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:24702957}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In CDCBM5; reduces coassembly with tubulin subunits and incorporation into the microtubule polymer network.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  248
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  445
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   LVSATMSGVTTCLRFPGQLN  A DLRKLAVNMVPFPRLHFFMP
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         LVSATMSGVTTCLRFPGQLNADLRKLAVNMVPFPRLHFFMP

Mouse                         LVSATMSGVTTCLRFPGQLNADLRKLAVNMVPFPRLHFFMP

Rat                           LVSATMSGVTTCLRFPGQLNADLRKLAVNMVPFPRLHFFMP

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 445 Tubulin beta-2A chain


Literature citations

De novo mutations in the beta-tubulin gene TUBB2A cause simplified gyral patterning and infantile-onset epilepsy.
Cushion T.D.; Paciorkowski A.R.; Pilz D.T.; Mullins J.G.; Seltzer L.E.; Marion R.W.; Tuttle E.; Ghoneim D.; Christian S.L.; Chung S.K.; Rees M.I.; Dobyns W.B.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 94:634-641(2014)
Cited for: VARIANTS CDCBM5 LYS-247 AND VAL-248; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS CDCBM5 LYS-247 AND VAL-248;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.