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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P04049: Variant p.Thr641Met

RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase
Gene: RAF1
Variant information

Variant position:  641
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Threonine (T) to Methionine (M) at position 641 (T641M, p.Thr641Met).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (T) to medium size and hydrophobic (M)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Cardiomyopathy, dilated 1NN (CMD1NN) [MIM:615916]: A disorder characterized by ventricular dilation and impaired systolic function, resulting in congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Patients are at risk of premature death. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:24777450}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In CMD1NN; shows a mild increase in kinase activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  641
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  648
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   SEPSLHRAAHTEDINACTLT  T SPRLPVF
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         SEPSLHRAAHTEDINACTLTTSPRLPVF

Mouse                         SEPSLHRAAHTEDINACTLTTSPRLPVF

Rat                           SEPSLHRAAHTEDINACTLTTSPRLPVF

Bovine                        SEPSLHRAAHTEDINACTLTTSPRLPVF

Chicken                       SEPSLHRASHTEDINSCTLTST-RLPVF

Xenopus laevis                LEPSLHRAAHTEDISSCALTST-RLPVF

Fission yeast                 ----------------------------

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 648 RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase
Modified residue 621 – 621 Phosphoserine
Modified residue 642 – 642 Phosphoserine; by MAPK1

Literature citations

RAF1 mutations in childhood-onset dilated cardiomyopathy.
Dhandapany P.S.; Razzaque M.A.; Muthusami U.; Kunnoth S.; Edwards J.J.; Mulero-Navarro S.; Riess I.; Pardo S.; Sheng J.; Rani D.S.; Rani B.; Govindaraj P.; Flex E.; Yokota T.; Furutani M.; Nishizawa T.; Nakanishi T.; Robbins J.; Limongelli G.; Hajjar R.J.; Lebeche D.; Bahl A.; Khullar M.; Rathinavel A.; Sadler K.C.; Tartaglia M.; Matsuoka R.; Thangaraj K.; Gelb B.D.;
Nat. Genet. 46:635-639(2014)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.