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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P35222: Variant p.Leu388Pro

Catenin beta-1
Gene: CTNNB1
Chromosomal location: 3p21.3
Variant information

Variant position:  388
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Leucine (L) to Proline (P) at position 388 (L388P, p.Leu388Pro).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Similar physico-chemical property. Both residues are medium size and hydrophobic.
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Neurodevelopmental disorder with spastic diplegia and visual defects (NEDSDV) [MIM:615075]: An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by global developmental delay, severe intellectual disability with absent or very limited speech, microcephaly, spasticity, and visual abnormalities. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:23033978, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25326669, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28514307}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In NEDSDV.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  388
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  781
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   LHLTDPSQRLVQNCLWTLRN  L SDAATKQEGMEGLLGTLVQL
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         LHLTDPSQRLVQNCLWTLRNLSDAATKQEGMEGLLGTLVQL

                              LHLTDPSQRLVQNCLWTLRNLSDAATKQEGMEGLLGTLVQL

Mouse                         LHLTDPSQRLVQNCLWTLRNLSDAATKQEGMEGLLGTLVQL

Rat                           PHLTDPSQRLVQNCLWTLRNLSDAATKQEGMEGLLGTLVQL

Bovine                        LHLTDPSQRLVQNCLWTLRNLSDAATKQEGMEGLLGTLVQL

Xenopus laevis                LHLTDSSQRLVQNCLWTLRNLSDAATKQEGMEGLLGTLVQL

Zebrafish                     LHLTDPSQRLVQNCLWTLRNLSDAATKQEGMEGLLGTLVQL

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 2 – 781 Catenin beta-1
Repeat 361 – 389 ARM 6
Mutagenesis 383 – 383 W -> A. Abolishes APC binding. Strongly reduces phosphorylation and degradation; when associated with A-260 and A-386.
Mutagenesis 386 – 386 R -> A. Strongly reduces APC binding. Strongly reduces phosphorylation and degradation; when associated with A-260 and A-383.
Helix 375 – 389


Literature citations

De novo mutations in beta-catenin (CTNNB1) appear to be a frequent cause of intellectual disability: expanding the mutational and clinical spectrum.
Kuechler A.; Willemsen M.H.; Albrecht B.; Bacino C.A.; Bartholomew D.W.; van Bokhoven H.; van den Boogaard M.J.; Bramswig N.; Buettner C.; Cremer K.; Czeschik J.C.; Engels H.; van Gassen K.; Graf E.; van Haelst M.; He W.; Hogue J.S.; Kempers M.; Koolen D.; Monroe G.; de Munnik S.; Pastore M.; Reis A.; Reuter M.S.; Tegay D.H.; Veltman J.; Visser G.; van Hasselt P.; Smeets E.E.; Vissers L.; Wieland T.; Wissink W.; Yntema H.; Zink A.M.; Strom T.M.; Luedecke H.J.; Kleefstra T.; Wieczorek D.;
Hum. Genet. 134:97-109(2015)
Cited for: VARIANT NEDSDV PRO-388;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.