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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P41250: Variant p.Asp200Asn

Glycine--tRNA ligase
Gene: GARS
Variant information

Variant position:  200
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Aspartate (D) to Asparagine (N) at position 200 (D200N, p.Asp200Asn).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and acidic (D) to medium size and polar (N)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 2D (CMT2D) [MIM:601472]: A dominant axonal form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a disorder of the peripheral nervous system, characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy, initially of the peroneal muscles and later of the distal muscles of the arms. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is classified in two main groups on the basis of electrophysiologic properties and histopathology: primary peripheral demyelinating neuropathies (designated CMT1 when they are dominantly inherited) and primary peripheral axonal neuropathies (CMT2). Neuropathies of the CMT2 group are characterized by signs of axonal degeneration in the absence of obvious myelin alterations, normal or slightly reduced nerve conduction velocities, and progressive distal muscle weakness and atrophy. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12690580, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17035524, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17101916, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17663003, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20169446, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24604904, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25168514, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26244500, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26503042}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Contrary to the wild-type protein, CMT2D variants Gly-125 and Arg-294 strongly interact with NRP1. This interaction may compete out VEGFA binding and inhibits VEGFA-NRP1 signling which is essential for motor neuron survival, as suggested by experiments done in a mouse model. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:26503042}.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Involvement in disease:  Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, 5A (HMN5A) [MIM:600794]: A disorder characterized by distal muscular atrophy mainly affecting the upper extremities, in contrast to other distal motor neuronopathies. These constitute a heterogeneous group of neuromuscular diseases caused by selective degeneration of motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord, without sensory deficit in the posterior horn. The overall clinical picture consists of a classical distal muscular atrophy syndrome in the legs without clinical sensory loss. The disease starts with weakness and wasting of distal muscles of the anterior tibial and peroneal compartments of the legs. Later on, weakness and atrophy may expand to the proximal muscles of the lower limbs and/or to the distal upper limbs. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12690580, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17035524, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23279345, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24627108, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26503042}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Contrary to the wild-type protein, HMN5A variant Pro-183 strongly interacts with NRP1. This interaction may compete out VEGFA binding and inhibits VEGFA-NRP1 signling which is essential for motor neuron survival, as suggested by experiments done in a mouse model. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:26503042}.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In CMT2D and HMN5A; shows a large reduction in aminoacylation activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  200
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  739
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   CTMLTPEPVLKTSGHVDKFA  D FMVKDVKNGECFRADHLLKA
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         CTMLTPEPVLKTSGHVDKFADFMVKDVKNGECFRADHLLKA

Mouse                         CTMLTPEPVLKTSGHVDKFADFMVKDVKNGECFRADHLLKA

Caenorhabditis elegans        CTSLTPEPVLKASGHVDRFADWMVKDMKNGECFRADHLIKN

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 739 Glycine--tRNA ligase
Modified residue 204 – 204 N6-acetyllysine
Mutagenesis 211 – 211 C -> R. Displays 62% of wild-type catalytic activity. Displays 20% of wild-type catalytic activity; when associated with G-125.
Beta strand 199 – 208


Literature citations

Impaired function is a common feature of neuropathy-associated glycyl-tRNA synthetase mutations.
Griffin L.B.; Sakaguchi R.; McGuigan D.; Gonzalez M.A.; Searby C.; Zuchner S.; Hou Y.M.; Antonellis A.;
Hum. Mutat. 35:1363-1371(2014)
Cited for: SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; VARIANTS CMT2D VAL-111; ASN-200; PHE-265; ARG-294; LEU-298; PHE-334; ARG-472; ASN-554; ARG-580 AND ALA-652; VARIANT LEU-635; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS CMT2D VAL-111; GLY-125; PRO-183; ASN-200; PHE-265; ARG-294; LEU-298; PHE-334; ARG-472; ASN-554; ARG-580 AND ALA-652; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT LEU-635;

Two novel mutations of GARS in Korean families with distal hereditary motor neuropathy type V.
Lee H.J.; Park J.; Nakhro K.; Park J.M.; Hur Y.M.; Choi B.O.; Chung K.W.;
J. Peripher. Nerv. Syst. 17:418-421(2012)
Cited for: VARIANTS HMN5A ASN-200 AND PHE-265;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.