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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q13422: Variant p.Arg162Leu

DNA-binding protein Ikaros
Gene: IKZF1
Variant information

Variant position:  162
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Leucine (L) at position 162 (R162L, p.Arg162Leu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and hydrophobic (L)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Immunodeficiency, common variable, 13 (CVID13) [MIM:616873]: A primary immunodeficiency characterized by antibody deficiency, hypogammaglobulinemia, recurrent bacterial infections and an inability to mount an antibody response to antigen. CVID13 is an autosomal dominant disease associated with a striking decrease in B-cell numbers. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21548011, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26981933}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In CVID13; abolishes binding to DNA; has diffuse nuclear localization.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  162
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  519
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.




Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 519 DNA-binding protein Ikaros
Zinc finger 145 – 167 C2H2-type 2
Region 154 – 163 Required for both high-affinity DNA binding and pericentromeric heterochromatin localization
Site 159 – 159 Required for both pericentromeric heterochromatin localization and complete DNA binding
Site 162 – 162 Required for both pericentromeric heterochromatin localization and complete DNA binding
Modified residue 168 – 168 Phosphoserine
Alternative sequence 54 – 283 Missing. In isoform Ik6.
Alternative sequence 141 – 283 Missing. In isoform Ik5.
Mutagenesis 159 – 159 N -> A. Abolishes binding to DNA and has diffuse nuclear localization.
Helix 157 – 168

Literature citations

Loss of B Cells in Patients with Heterozygous Mutations in IKAROS.
Kuehn H.S.; Boisson B.; Cunningham-Rundles C.; Reichenbach J.; Stray-Pedersen A.; Gelfand E.W.; Maffucci P.; Pierce K.R.; Abbott J.K.; Voelkerding K.V.; South S.T.; Augustine N.H.; Bush J.S.; Dolen W.K.; Wray B.B.; Itan Y.; Cobat A.; Sorte H.S.; Ganesan S.; Prader S.; Martins T.B.; Lawrence M.G.; Orange J.S.; Calvo K.R.; Niemela J.E.; Casanova J.L.; Fleisher T.A.; Hill H.R.; Kumanovics A.; Conley M.E.; Rosenzweig S.D.;
N. Engl. J. Med. 374:1032-1043(2016)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.