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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q12791: Variant p.Asn1053Ser

Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1
Gene: KCNMA1
Variant information

Variant position:  1053
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Asparagine (N) to Serine (S) at position 1053 (N1053S, p.Asn1053Ser).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (N) to small size and polar (S)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized 16 (EIG16) [MIM:618596]: An autosomal dominant form of idiopathic generalized epilepsy, a disorder characterized by recurring generalized seizures in the absence of detectable brain lesions and/or metabolic abnormalities. Generalized seizures arise diffusely and simultaneously from both hemispheres of the brain. Seizure types include juvenile myoclonic seizures, absence seizures, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. EIG16 is characterized by onset of seizures soon after birth or in the first years of life. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:29330545}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Involvement in disease:  Paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia, 3, with or without generalized epilepsy (PNKD3) [MIM:609446]: An autosomal dominant neurologic disorder characterized by absence seizures, generalized tonic-clonic seizures, paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia and involuntary dystonic or choreiform movements. Onset is usually in childhood. Patients may have seizures only, dyskinesia only, or both. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15937479, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26195193}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In PNKD3 and EIG16; increased sensitivity to voltage-dependent activation resulting in increased channel activity; no change in calcium sensitivity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  1053
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1236
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   ACGTAFAVSVLDSLMSATYF  N DNILTLIRTLVTGGATPELE
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         ACGTAFAVSVLDSLMSATYFNDNILTLIRTLVTGGATPELE

Mouse                         ACGTAFAVSVLDSLMSATYFNDNILTLIRTLVTGGATPELE

Rat                           ACGTAFAVSVLDSLMSATYFNDNILTLIRTLVTGGATPELE

Bovine                        ACGTAFAVSVLDSLMSATYFNDNILTLIRTLVTGGATPELE

Rabbit                        ACGTAFAVSVLDSLMSATYFNDNILTLIRTLVTGGATPELE

Chicken                       ACGTAFAVSVLDSLMSATYFNDNILTLIRTLVTGGATPELE

Xenopus laevis                ACGTAFAVSVLDSLMSATYFNDNILTLIRTLVTGGATPELE

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1236 Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1
Topological domain 389 – 1236 Cytoplasmic
Alternative sequence 169 – 1236 Missing. In isoform 6.


Literature citations

De novo KCNMA1 mutations in children with early-onset paroxysmal dyskinesia and developmental delay.
Zhang Z.B.; Tian M.Q.; Gao K.; Jiang Y.W.; Wu Y.;
Mov. Disord. 30:1290-1292(2015)
Cited for: INVOLVEMENT IN PNKD3; VARIANTS PNKD3 LYS-884 AND SER-1053;

De novo BK channel variant causes epilepsy by affecting voltage gating but not Ca2+ sensitivity.
Li X.; Poschmann S.; Chen Q.; Fazeli W.; Oundjian N.J.; Snoeijen-Schouwenaars F.M.; Fricke O.; Kamsteeg E.J.; Willemsen M.; Wang Q.K.;
Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 26:220-229(2018)
Cited for: FUNCTION; INVOLVEMENT IN EIG16; VARIANT EIG16 SER-1053; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT EIG16 SER-1053; VARIANTS ASN-518; ALA-656 AND SER-1217; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS ASN-518; ALA-656 AND SER-1217;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.