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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q8N6Q3: Variant p.His31Leu

CD177 antigen
Gene: CD177
Variant information

Variant position:  31
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LB/B
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Histidine (H) to Leucine (L) at position 31 (H31L, p.His31Leu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (H) to medium size and hydrophobic (L)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Polymorphism:  There is a significant association between the variants Ala-3, Leu-251 and Thr-348 and a low expression of CD177 on neutrophils (PubMed:12623849, PubMed:14692971). Expression of CD177 on neutrophils is a trait determined by ratio of CD177/CD177P1 alleles (PubMed:27227454). The phenotype of CD177 null neutrophils is due to recombination between exon 7 of CD177 and the pseudogene CD177P1 through gene conversion, changing Lys-263 codon into stop codon (PubMed:27227454). The lack of CD177 expression affects 1-10 percent of the population placing them at risk for formation of anti-neutrophil antibodies that can cause transfusion-related acute lung injury and neonatal alloimmune neutropenia.
Additional information on the polymorphism described.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  31
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  437
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         GFI------------------------LPL-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PGV-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------QALLCQFGTVQHVWKVSDLPRQWTPKNTSCDS


Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 22 – 408 CD177 antigen

Literature citations

Heterogeneity of human neutrophil CD177 expression results from CD177P1 pseudogene conversion.
Wu Z.; Liang R.; Ohnesorg T.; Cho V.; Lam W.; Abhayaratna W.P.; Gatenby P.A.; Perera C.; Zhang Y.; Whittle B.; Sinclair A.; Goodnow C.C.; Field M.; Andrews T.D.; Cook M.C.;
PLoS Genet. 12:E1006067-E1006067(2016)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.