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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q05586: Variant p.Arg217Trp

Glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 1
Gene: GRIN1
Variant information

Variant position:  217
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Tryptophan (W) at position 217 (R217W, p.Arg217Trp).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to large size and aromatic (W)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Neurodevelopmental disorder with or without hyperkinetic movements and seizures, autosomal recessive (NDHMSR) [MIM:617820]: An autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe mental retardation and psychomotor developmental delay, involuntary and stereotypic movements, spasticity, and inability to walk without support. Intractable seizures manifest in some patients. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:27164704, ECO:0000269|PubMed:28051072}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In NDHMSR; changed glutamate-gated calcium ion channel activity; increased inhibition by zinc.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  217
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  938
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   FDPGTKNVTALLMEAKELEA  R VIILSASEDDAATVYRAAAM
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         FDPGTKNVTALLMEAKELEARVIILSASEDDAATVYRAAAM

                              FDPGTKNVTALLMEARELEARVIILSASEDDAATVYRAAAM

Mouse                         FDPGTKNVTALLMEARDLEARVIILSASEDDAATVYRAAAM

Rat                           FDPGTKNVTALLMEARELEARVIILSASEDDAATVYRAAAM

Xenopus laevis                FEPGTKNLTALLLEAKELEARVIILSASEDDATAVYKSAAM

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 19 – 938 Glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 1
Topological domain 19 – 559 Extracellular
Glycosylation 203 – 203 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Disulfide bond 79 – 308


Literature citations

Delineating the GRIN1 phenotypic spectrum: A distinct genetic NMDA receptor encephalopathy.
Lemke J.R.; Geider K.; Helbig K.L.; Heyne H.O.; Schuetz H.; Hentschel J.; Courage C.; Depienne C.; Nava C.; Heron D.; Moeller R.S.; Hjalgrim H.; Lal D.; Neubauer B.A.; Nuernberg P.; Thiele H.; Kurlemann G.; Arnold G.L.; Bhambhani V.; Bartholdi D.; Pedurupillay C.R.; Misceo D.; Frengen E.; Stroemme P.; Dlugos D.J.; Doherty E.S.; Bijlsma E.K.; Ruivenkamp C.A.; Hoffer M.J.; Goldstein A.; Rajan D.S.; Narayanan V.; Ramsey K.; Belnap N.; Schrauwen I.; Richholt R.; Koeleman B.P.; Sa J.; Mendonca C.; de Kovel C.G.; Weckhuysen S.; Hardies K.; De Jonghe P.; De Meirleir L.; Milh M.; Badens C.; Lebrun M.; Busa T.; Francannet C.; Piton A.; Riesch E.; Biskup S.; Vogt H.; Dorn T.; Helbig I.; Michaud J.L.; Laube B.; Syrbe S.;
Neurology 86:2171-2178(2016)
Cited for: VARIANTS NDHMSD GLU-552; ARG-557; ARG-618; ARG-620; SER-645; SER-647; ARG-815; VAL-815; LEU-817; ARG-827 AND CYS-844; VARIANTS NDHMSR TRP-217 AND 556-GLN--SER-938 DEL; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS NDHMSD ARG-557; ARG-618; ARG-620; SER-645; SER-647; ARG-815; LEU-817; ARG-827 AND CYS-844; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS NDHMSR TRP-217 AND 556-GLN--SER-938 DEL;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.