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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P10321: Variant p.Lys90Asn

HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, C alpha chain
Gene: HLA-C
Variant information

Variant position:  90
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Polymorphism
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Lysine (K) to Asparagine (N) at position 90 (K90N, p.Lys90Asn).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (K) to medium size and polar (N)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Polymorphism:  Displays lower polymorphism than HLA-A and HLA-B. Polymorphic residues encode for alpha-1 and alpha-2 domains of the peptide-binding cleft, where they contribute to variations in peptide binding and TCR recognition among different alleles. The human population is estimated to have millions of HLA-C alleles. But only 14 common HLA-C alleles are considered core alleles, representing all functionally significant variation (polymorphism) in alpha-1 and alpha-2 domains. These are: C*01:02; C*02:02; C*03:02; C*04:01; C*05:01; C*06:02; C*07:01; C*07:04; C*08:01; C*12:02; C*14:02; C*15:02; C*16:01 and C*17:01. Among these, C*01:02; C*02:02; C*03:02; C*08:01; C*12:02; C*14:02 and C*15:02, were likely passed by introgression from archaic to modern humans. Functional alleles of more recent origin (non-core) were derived by recombination (PubMed:28650991). The sequence shown is that of C*07:02. The sequences of core alleles and common representative alleles of serologically distinct allele groups are described as variants of C*07:02.
Additional information on the polymorphism described.

Variant description:  In allele C*07:01, C*15:02.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  90
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  366
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 25 – 366 HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, C alpha chain
Topological domain 25 – 308 Extracellular
Region 25 – 114 Alpha-1
Binding site 87 – 87 Self- and pathogen-derived peptide antigen
Binding site 94 – 94 Self- and pathogen-derived peptide antigen
Binding site 101 – 101 Self- and pathogen-derived peptide antigen
Glycosylation 110 – 110 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Helix 81 – 109

Literature citations

No reference for the current variant in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.