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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P78363: Variant p.Asn96Lys

Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Gene: ABCA4
Variant information

Variant position:  96
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  US
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Asparagine (N) to Lysine (K) at position 96 (N96K, p.Asn96Lys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (N) to large size and basic (K)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In STGD1; unknown pathological significance.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  96
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2273
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   NVNNPCFQSPTPGESPGIVS  N YNNSILARVYRDFQELLMNA
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         NVNNPCFQSPTPGESPGIVSNYNNSILARVYRDFQELLMNA

Mouse                         NMNNPCFQNPTPGESPGTVSNYNNSILARVYRDFQELFMDT

Slime mold                    ---------------------YLSMIITRDFKE--------

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2273 Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Topological domain 43 – 646 Extracellular
Glycosylation 98 – 98 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Disulfide bond 75 – 324


Literature citations

ABCA4 is an N-retinylidene-phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylethanolamine importer.
Quazi F.; Lenevich S.; Molday R.S.;
Nat. Commun. 3:925-925(2012)
Cited for: FUNCTION; CATALYTIC ACTIVITY; MUTAGENESIS OF LYS-969 AND LYS-1978; VARIANTS STGD1 ALA-863 AND SER-965; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS STGD1 ALA-863 AND SER-965;

Biochemical defects in ABCR protein variants associated with human retinopathies.
Sun H.; Smallwood P.M.; Nathans J.;
Nat. Genet. 26:242-246(2000)
Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS; MUTAGENESIS OF GLY-966; LYS-969; GLY-1975 AND LYS-1978;

Denaturing HPLC profiling of the ABCA4 gene for reliable detection of allelic variations.
Stenirri S.; Fermo I.; Battistella S.; Galbiati S.; Soriani N.; Paroni R.; Manitto M.P.; Martina E.; Brancato R.; Allikmets R.; Ferrari M.; Cremonesi L.;
Clin. Chem. 50:1336-1343(2004)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 TRP-18; LYS-96; VAL-108; LEU-143; GLN-152; HIS-212; GLN-223; SER-230; 245-TYR--ASP-2273 DEL; THR-246; GLU-498; PRO-541; ARG-550; GLN-572; 639-TYR--ASP-2273 DEL; SER-641; CYS-653; VAL-690; 700-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; ASP-767; ARG-821; ALA-863; 876-GLN--ASP-2273 DEL; ILE-897; ASP-954; SER-965; ASP-978; LYS-1022; VAL-1038; ASP-1050; LYS-1087; CYS-1098; PRO-1099; CYS-1108; HIS-1108; LEU-1129; ARG-1203; ASP-1203; 1300-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL; GLN-1300; TYR-1490; ARG-1512; MET-1526; ASP-1598; 1652-TYR--ASP-2273 DEL; ASP-1762; ASN-1838; TYR-1838; GLU-1961; PHE-1970; PHE-2027; GLN-2030; LEU-2050; HIS-2107; TRP-2139; LEU-2149; TYR-2150; ASN-2177 AND VAL-2241; VARIANTS ARG-423; GLN-943; ASN-1204; LEU-1380; ILE-1868 AND LEU-1948;

Novel mutations in of the ABCR gene in Italian patients with Stargardt disease.
Passerini I.; Sodi A.; Giambene B.; Mariottini A.; Menchini U.; Torricelli F.;
Eye 24:158-164(2010)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 21-GLN--ASP-2273 DEL; LEU-68; HIS-96; LYS-96; SER-172; CYS-212; LYS-415; PRO-541; 572-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL; LYS-616; CYS-653; VAL-690; 700-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; ASP-767; ARG-821; ARG-840; MET-931; SER-965; PRO-970; PRO-977; ASP-978; MET-1019; VAL-1038; TRP-1055; GLU-1078; LYS-1087; CYS-1098; 1099-SER--ASP-2273 DEL; CYS-1108; 1177-CYS--ASP-2273 DEL; 1332-GLN--ASP-2273 DEL; LEU-1380; 1408-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; ILE-1433; 1461-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; 1479-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; SER-1484; MET-1526; ASP-1598; ASN-1696; GLU-1961; PHE-1970; SER-1977; 2030-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL; LYS-2096; GLN-2140 AND PRO-2221;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.