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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P78363: Variant p.Thr970Pro

Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Gene: ABCA4
Variant information

Variant position:  970
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  US
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Threonine (T) to Proline (P) at position 970 (T970P, p.Thr970Pro).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (T) to medium size and hydrophobic (P)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In STGD1; unknown pathological significance.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  970
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2273
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   NITFYENQITAFLGHNGAGK  T TTLSILTGLLPPTSGTVLVG
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         NITFYENQITAFLGHNGAGKTTTLSILTGLLPPTSGTVLVG

Mouse                         NITFYENQITAFLGHNGAGKTTTLSILTGLLPPTSGTVLIG

Slime mold                    SIDMYKNRIHSFLGPNGSGKSTTLSMLTGMIEPTSGDALIN

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2273 Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Topological domain 857 – 1376 Cytoplasmic
Domain 929 – 1160 ABC transporter 1
Nucleotide binding 963 – 970 ATP
Disulfide bond 641 – 1490 Interchain
Mutagenesis 966 – 966 G -> D. Abolishes basal and retinal-stimulated ATP hydrolysis.
Mutagenesis 969 – 969 K -> M. Abolishes basal and retinal-stimulated ATP hydrolysis.
Mutagenesis 969 – 969 K -> M. Inhibits ATPase activity; when associated with M-1978. Decreases translocase activity; when associated with M-1978. Does not affect protein subcellular localization in endoplasmic reticulum; when associated with M-1978. Loss of ATP-dependent all-trans-retinal transport; when associated with M-1978. Loss in N-retinylidene-PE transfer activity. Inhibits ATPase activity with increasing retinal concentration. Does not affect N-retinylidene-PE binding. Impairs ATP-dependent release of N-retinylidene-PE. Significantly reduces PE flippase activity.
Beta strand 965 – 970


Literature citations

Novel mutations in of the ABCR gene in Italian patients with Stargardt disease.
Passerini I.; Sodi A.; Giambene B.; Mariottini A.; Menchini U.; Torricelli F.;
Eye 24:158-164(2010)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 21-GLN--ASP-2273 DEL; LEU-68; HIS-96; LYS-96; SER-172; CYS-212; LYS-415; PRO-541; 572-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL; LYS-616; CYS-653; VAL-690; 700-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; ASP-767; ARG-821; ARG-840; MET-931; SER-965; PRO-970; PRO-977; ASP-978; MET-1019; VAL-1038; TRP-1055; GLU-1078; LYS-1087; CYS-1098; 1099-SER--ASP-2273 DEL; CYS-1108; 1177-CYS--ASP-2273 DEL; 1332-GLN--ASP-2273 DEL; LEU-1380; 1408-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; ILE-1433; 1461-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; 1479-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; SER-1484; MET-1526; ASP-1598; ASN-1696; GLU-1961; PHE-1970; SER-1977; 2030-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL; LYS-2096; GLN-2140 AND PRO-2221;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.